SVN (subversion) repositories

We use Apache subversion to manage our SVN repository. If you want to learn more about it, there is a free book about subversion.

This document uses an example: importing the CS499/src directory to You should adjust these instructions when you create your repository, import files, check out files, or other operations.

Log into and change to your repository directory

cd /repos/$USER

Create a repository

/usr/local/bin/csrepo -n project5 -p paul,hayes,calvert,raphael

This command allows the following users to make changes: paul, hayes, calvert, raphael.

Only the creator of the project needs to run this command. The other team members do not. In this case, assume paul is the owner.

Import files to your SVN repository

Assuming you have a directory called CS499/src in your home directory, and you want to import it into your SVN repo, then on any machine that has that directory:

svn import ~/CS499/src "svn+ssh://$USER/CS499" -m "Initial Import"

The program prompts you for your password and then imports the directory into the repository, and it outputs something like the following.

aaaaaaa   bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbcccccccccccccccccccc

aaaaaaa = the protocol, svn over SSH, required.
bbbbbbb = the host, accessible from the Internet
ccccccc = the directory.


/repos is the top-level, paul is the repository “owner’s” CS userid. project5 is the name you gave it in step 3. -m “Initial Import” is a comment. It is typed on the same line!


If you want to creat a subdirectory, specify it in the URL like this:

svn import ~/CS499/src/ "svn+ssh://" -m "Initial Import"

This command creates and populates the src directory in the project5 repository.

Checking out a file

All project members can check out the files.


Check local permissions when directories are created to make sure they have proper settings.

mkdir testrepo
cd testrepo
svn checkout "svn+ssh://"
ls -la
# ....make some changes to a file
svn update project5
# ....grab any updates before committing
svn commit project5
# ...add new file to project
touch newfile
svn add newfile
svn commit

Other commands

Once you have a local checkout of your SVN repository, you can see the status of its files

svn status -v  # local status
svn status -u  # contact the server to determine file differences
svn info "svn+ssh://"
svn ls "svn+ssh://"


Conflict resolution is a manual process and is needed if two users edit the same file. See the official documentation about resolving conflicts.