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Headword: *tri/glhna
Adler number: tau,961
Translated headword: three-eyed [?]
Vetting Status: high
Heliodorus [says that this means] trikora; for indeed, glh/nh [is] the pupil of the eye.[1] But Apion[2] [says that it means] polyglena, [i.e.] things worth seeing.[3]
Greek Original:
*tri/glhna: o( me\n *(hlio/dwros tri/kora: glh/nh ga\r h( tou= o)fqalmou= ko/rh. o( de\ *)api/wn polu/glhna, ta\ qe/as a)/cia.
Likewise in the Synagoge (tau427) and Photius' Lexicon (tau445 Theodoridis), and similarly elsewhere: see e.g. Hesychius tau1361, and further below.
The headword, quoted from Homer (Iliad 14.183 = Odyssey 18.298), is neuter plural of an adjective used to describe jewellery, specifically earrings, with three beads. Its exact meaning and derivation are still disputed; see LSJ s.v.
cf. gamma 286.
[1] Heliodorus Homericus fr.42 Dyck.
[2] Apion fr.138 Neitzel. Apion, a Hellenized Egyptian who flourished in the first half of the 1st century CE, was another commentator on Homer (and the target of Josephus' Contra Apionem).
[3] What Apion meant by this is less than self-evident, but a fuller version of what he said is given in Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon (154.26-29), where Apion's line of explanation is preferred: *(o de\ *)Api/wn be/ltion polu/glhna; glh/nh ga\r h( ko/rh, w(/ste ei)=nai poluqe/ata, pollh=s qe/as a)/cia. tou/tois a)/n tis prosqei/h o(/ti kai\ glh/nia le/getai ta\ qe/as a)/cia, o(/te fhsi\ "ke/drinon u(yi/rofon, o(\s glh/nea polla\ kexa/ndei". (This last quotation is from Iliad 24.192.)
Keywords: clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: Yannick Muller on 18 May 2014@12:34:42.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 19 May 2014@01:28:57.
Catharine Roth (betacode typo, keyword, status) on 20 May 2014@01:15:43.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; raised status) on 21 May 2014@05:49:58.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 May 2014@19:07:28.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 2 October 2022@00:03:03.


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