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Headword: Γυμνοπαιδεία
Adler number: gamma,486
Translated headword: Gymnopaideia
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the wrestling-ground.[1]
By means of it Lykourgos used to discipline the young men.[2]
Also [sc. attested are] gymnopaidia,[3] [meaning] choruses of children in Sparta in Lakonike,[4] singing hymns to [the] gods in honour of the Spartiates who died at Thyraiai.[5]
And Josephus [writes]: "and no place in the city was naked, but all had bodies dead either from famine or from civil war".[6]
Greek Original:
Γυμνοπαιδεία: ἡ παλαίστρα. ᾗ τοὺς ἐφήβους Λυκοῦργος ἠνάγκαζε. καὶ Γυμνοπαίδια, χοροὶ ἐκ παίδων ἐν Σπάρτῃ τῆς Λακωνικῆς εἰς θεοὺς ὕμνους ᾄδοντες, εἰς τιμὴν τῶν ἐν Θυραιαῖς ἀποθανόντων Σπαρτιατῶν. καὶ Ἰώσηπος: τόπος δ' ἐπὶ τῆς πόλεως οὐδεὶς γυμνὸς ἦν, ἀλλὰ πᾶς λιμοῦ νεκρὸν εἶχεν ἢ στάσεως.
[1] Same glossing, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon. See further below, n. 5.
[2] From lambda 824, q.v.
[3] Differently accented as well as spelled; and plural (but should be feminine rather than this neuter).
[4] The usual name for Spartan territory, conventionally (but anachronistically) translated as 'Laconia'.
[5] Likewise in the Lexicon Sabbaiticum. 'Thyraiai' = Thyrea(i) in NE Laconia, the location of the Battle of Champions in c.546 BCE (Herodotos 1.82). The entry's initial definition of Gymnopaideia (feminine singular) as a wrestling-ground may be a misunderstanding of this added material: the Gymnopaidia(i) (neuter or feminine plural) are usually taken to be a festival of the Spartan city-state, cf. scholiast to Thucydides 5.82.2; also Pausanias 3.11.9 (Gymnopaidia, festival where the young men perform choruses for Apollo).
[6] Josephus, Jewish War 6.369 (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: athletics; biography; children; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; religion
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 6 January 2001@04:19:00.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (Added reference, link, keywords.) on 7 January 2001@02:15:32.
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics; raised status) on 23 January 2001@05:47:43.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 October 2005@09:04:46.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 June 2012@04:04:59.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 20 October 2012@01:20:43.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 22 August 2013@22:18:19.
David Whitehead (augmented n.5; coding and other cosmetics) on 30 September 2015@03:39:23.


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