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Headword: Θανατῶν
Adler number: theta,45
Translated headword: death-wishing, longing to die
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning he] desiring death.[1]
"Vespasian ordered [them] not to fight it out with men longing to die; for nothing [is] braver than despair."[2]
Aeschylus [writes]: "for the only one of the gods [who] does not love gifts [is] death."[3]
Also attested is θανατῶν ["he putting to death"]; [used] with an accusative; and [meaning] one who is killing.[4]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] θανατῶσιν ἀνθρώποις ["to/with men longing to die"].[5]
Greek Original:
Θανατῶν: θανάτου ἐπιθυμῶν. Οὐεσπασιανὸς ἐκέλευε μὴ συμπλέκεσθαι θανατῶσιν ἀνθρώποις: οὐδὲν γὰρ ἀλκιμώτερον ἀπογνώσεως. Αἰσχύλος: μόνος θεῶν γὰρ θάνατος οὐ δώρων ἐρᾷ. λέγεται δὲ θανατῶν: αἰτιατικῇ: καὶ ὁ ἀποκτένων. καὶ θανατῶσιν ἀνθρώποις.
Notes:
[1] For the desiderative verb θανατάω or θανατιάω , cf. theta 43. This is its present participle, masculine nominative singular; same or similar glossing in other lexica, and cf. also the scholia to Plato, Phaedo 64B (where θανατῶσι occurs); evidently quoted from somewhere.
[2] Josephus, Jewish War 3.208 (web address 1); cf. Etymologicum Magnum 442.53.
[3] Aeschylus fr. 161.1 [fr. Niobe 168 Hermann], from numerous scholia (on Homer, Iliad 1.158, Sophocles, Electra 139, and Aristophanes, Frogs 1392) and also in Stobaeus, Anthology 4.51.1; cf. delta 1451, mu 1235, pi 14.
[4] Same glosses -- on the present participle of the verb θανατόω ["I put to death"] -- in Photius and the Lexica Segueriana (except for αἰτιατικῇ which is added from a syntactic source). See also epsilon 295.
[5] From the Josephus passage already quoted.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; philosophy; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 15 September 2007@20:52:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 September 2007@04:49:06.
David Whitehead (augmented n.3, with material from Patrick Lake; cosmetics) on 29 June 2010@04:03:28.
David Whitehead (expanded notes; more keywords; tweaking) on 24 December 2012@08:48:50.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 27 December 2012@19:55:55.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 1 October 2018@01:56:54.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 1 October 2018@02:05:30.

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