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Headword: Χερνῆτις
Adler number: chi,208
Translated headword: laboring-woman
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A widow, one who makes her living from [the work of] her hands, living by handiwork.
"[...] he sneaked away at dusk with the laborers who were going out to the fields."[1]
Also [sc. attested is] χερνήτης , a working man, in the masculine.[2]
In the Epigrams: "with which they maintained their day-laborer life for a long time, Athena..."[3]
"He tried to make his daughters into wool-workers and laboring-women."[4]
Greek Original:
Χερνῆτις: χήρα, ἡ ἀπὸ χειρῶν ζῶσα, χειρόβιος. ὁ δὲ ὑπὸ τῷ κνέφα σὺν τοῖς χερνήταις τοῖς ἐπὶ τοὺς ἀγροὺς ἰοῦσιν ὑπεξῆλθε. καὶ Χερνήτης, ὁ πένης, ἀρσενικῶς. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασιν: οἷς ἔσχον χερνῆτα βίον δηναιόν, Ἀθάνα. ὁ δὲ τὰς θυγατέρας ἐπειρᾶτο ποιεῖν ταλασιουργοὺς καὶ χερνήτιδας.
Notes:
For the first part of this entry, see the scholia to Homer, Iliad 12.433 (where the headword appears: web address 1 below), Hesychius, Lexicum Ambrosianum 170 and 185, Etymologicum Magnum 808.33 and the scholia to Oribasius (ed. Bussemaker) 3.682. See also chi 248.
[1] Aelian fr. 339 Domingo-Forasté (342 Hercher) -- the second part, it has been suggested, of a quotation that begins at alpha 460: see the note there.
[2] cf. Hesychius.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.39.7. Here χερνῆτα is in apposition to βίον and has an almost adjectival force in this personification of the worker women's lifestyle as a poor day-laborer.
[4] Aelian fr. 340 Domingo-Forasté (343 Hercher); see also tau 44.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; epic; imagery; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 19 March 2008@15:40:34.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 March 2008@09:46:08.
Catharine Roth (updated references, upgraded link) on 1 June 2011@22:25:04.
David Whitehead on 8 August 2011@03:23:29.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 9 October 2011@06:45:59.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 10 October 2011@03:16:56.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 June 2016@03:13:44.

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