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Headword: Anaximenês
Adler number: alpha,1989
Translated headword: Anaximenes
Vetting Status: high
Son of Aristocles, of Lampsacus, rhetor; pupil of Diogenes the Cynic and the grammarian Zoilus of Amphipolis,[1] who abused Homer; teacher of Alexander of Macedon, and accompanied him on his campaigns.
When[2] king Alexander was angry with the people of Lampsacus, this man got round him by the following trick. The people of Lampsacus were pro-Persian; Alexander was furiously angry, and threatened to do them massive harm. They, trying to save their women, their children and their homeland, sent Anaximenes to intercede. Alexander knew why he had come, and swore by the gods that he would do the opposite of what he asked; so Anaximenes said, 'Please do this for me, your majesty: enslave the women and children of Lampsacus, burn their temples, and raze the city to the ground.' Alexander had no way round this clever trick, and because he was bound by his oath he reluctantly pardoned the people of Lampsacus. Anaximenes also retaliated against Theopompus,[3] son of Damostratus, in an ingenious though malicious way. Since he was a sophist and could imitate the style of the sophists, he wrote a book addressed to the Athenians and Spartans, a defamatory treatise, exactly imitating him. He attached Theopompus' name to it, and sent it to the cities. As a result, hostility to Theopompus was increased throughout Greece. Moreover, no one before Anaximenes had invented improvised speeches.
Greek Original:
Anaximenês, Aristokleous, Lampsakênos, rhêtôr: mathêtês Diogenous tou Kunos kai Zôïlou tou Amphipolitou grammatikou, tou kakizontos Homêron, didaskalos de tou Makedonos Alexandrou. heipeto de autôi en tois polemois. houtos basilea Alexandron, thumôi chrômenon es Lampsakênous, technêi perieile toiaide. phronountôn Lampsakênôn ta Persôn, huperzeôn tôi thumôi Alexandros êpeilei ta megista kaka ergasasthai. hoi de, hate peri gunaikôn kai paidôn kai tês patridos theontes, apostellousin Anaximenên hiketeusonta. Alexandros de gnous kath' hêntina aitian hêkoi, katômosato theous, ê mên autou tais deêsesi tanantia ergasesthai. Anaximenês de, charisai moi, ephê, ô basileu, tên charin, gunaikas kai tekna tôn Lampsakênôn andrapodisasthai kai ta hiera emprêsai kai tên polin es edaphos katabalein. Alexandros de ouk echôn ti pros touto sophisasthai ê antimêchanêsasthai kai enechomenos têi anankêi tou horkou, sungnômên enemen ouk ethelôn Lampsakênois. êmunato de kai Theopompon, ton Damostratou, echthron onta Anaximenês ouk amathestata, all' epiphthonôtata. sophistês gar ôn kai sophistôn logous mimoumenos, graphei biblion es Athênaious kai epi Lakedaimonious, sungraphên loidoron es to akribestaton mimêsamenos: kai epigrapsas Theopompou to onoma epempen es tas poleis. kai ek toutou to echthos to es Theopompon ana pasan tên Hellada êuxeto. ou mên oude eipein tis autoschediôs Anaximenous proteros estin heurêkôs.
C4 BC. See generally RE Anaximenes(3); NP Anaximenes(2); OCD4 Anaximenes(2); FGrH 72.
[1] [zeta 130] Zoilus.
[2] This material comes from Pausanias 6.18.2-6. For discussion of it see M.A. Flower, Theopompus of Chios (Oxford 1994) 21-22.
[3] [theta 172] Theopompus.
Keywords: biography; children; chronology; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history; philosophy; religion; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 27 February 2000@18:06:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note; added keyword; cosmetics) on 5 March 2001@08:41:48.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 October 2005@08:56:34.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 28 March 2006@08:55:28.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 26 February 2012@05:45:23.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@08:32:23.


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