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Headword: *zugw/qrison
Adler number: zeta,192
Translated headword: weigh up; lock up
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] even up, set in balance. Leave aside what is in doubt, then examine it again and, in effect, try to open [it]. For a)nazugou=n is to open the door outside. But some [interpret] zugw/qrison [as] fit together, put together. Aristophanes in Clouds [uses the word].
Greek Original:
*zugw/qrison: i)/swson, zugosta/thson. e)/ason to\ a)porou/menon, e)/peita pa/lin a)nasko/phson kai\ oi(=on a)noi/gein a)popeira/qhti. to\ ga\r a)nazugou=n e)sti to\ e)/cwqen a)noi/gein th\n qu/ran. oi( de\ zugw/qrison, suna/rmoson, su/mphcon. *)aristofa/nhs *nefe/lais.
The headword is the aorist active imperative of the verb zugwqri/zw. It occurs in Aristophanes, Clouds 745, where Socrates says to Strepsiades: 'and if you are puzzled in any one of your conceptions, leave it and go; and then set it in motion again [ki/nhson au)=qis] with your judgement, and zugw/qrison it'. The scholion quoted here is concerned more with ki/nhson au)=qis 'put in motion again' than with zugw/qrison, i.e. trying to explain the metaphoric use of the verb kine/w and its relation to the verb zugwqri/zw.
See also Pollux 10.26 (kai\ to\ zugw/qrison de\ e)pi\ tou= klei=son ei)w/qasi ta/ttein; 'and they used to apply zugw/qrison with the same meaning as lock it up') and Hesychius zeta195 for the verb in its literal sense from zu/gwqron 'bolt of a door' (here zeta 193).
The alternative interpretation in the scholia (and again here) is also a metaphorical reading of the verb, literally meaning 'put on the bolt' (see H. Stephanus s.v. *zugwqri/zw), but this 'gives inferior sense' (Dover ad loc.).
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; science and technology
Translated by: Stefano Sanfilippo on 18 June 2005@04:17:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked headword and translation; streamlined notes; cosmetics) on 18 June 2005@07:11:03.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 2 December 2012@07:11:33.
Catharine Roth (betacode) on 8 December 2012@00:00:25.


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