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Headword: *tou)/gkuklon
Adler number: tau,812
Translated headword: the circuit; woman's girdle
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[tou)/gkuklon means the same as] to\ e)/gkuklon. That is, Pylos, because of the circuit of the walls. From a metaphor of the cloaks. That is, [something] which we wear and wrap around ourselves.[1]
Greek Original:
*tou)/gkuklon: to\ e)/gkuklon. toute/sti th\n *pu/lon, dia\ th\n tw=n teixw=n peribolh/n. a)po\ metafora=s tw=n peribolai/wn. toute/stin h(\n e)/xomen kai\ periballo/meqa.
Notes:
The headword is a contraction, with crasis, of the phrase used here as the gloss. As with analogous entries elsewhere, the gloss therefore does not so much define the word sunstantively as resolve it into its constituent parts.
[1] From a scholion on Aristophanes, Lysistrata 1162, where the Laconian, speaking in mock-Doric dialect, says tw)/gkuklon rather than tou)/gkuklon. The normal Attic spelling represented by the latter appears elsewhere in Aristophanes: Lysistrata 113, Thesmophoriazusae 499, Ecclesiazusae 536 (cf. epsilon 135). Its application to the circuit-wall of Pylos in Messenia (famously captured by the Athenians from the Spartans in 425/4; cf. beta 519, epsilon 1061, epsilon 3348, kappa 1731, etc.) is not attested elsewhere. Its relation to that place at Lysistrata 1162 is made explicit two lines later (1164), in a sexual double entendre on Reconciliation's anus. See generally J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse (New Haven 1975) 139 #147.
Keywords: clothing; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; imagery; military affairs; poetry
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 7 February 2014@23:19:12.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 8 February 2014@01:35:33.
William Hutton (augmented notes, added keywords, raised status) on 8 February 2014@10:50:06.
William Hutton (added cross-reference) on 8 February 2014@10:57:20.
David Whitehead (expanded note; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 9 February 2014@04:31:56.

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