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Headword: *paregguh/sontos
Adler number: pi,519
Translated headword: passing on, enjoining, exhorting
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] providing.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] pareneggu/a, [meaning] was ordering. "He was enjoining him not to engage with the Persians."[2]
[sc. Also attested is] pareneggu/hse, [meaning] exhorted, counseled. "In this way he actually exhorted them to do away with them by means of a poisonous drug."[3]
Greek Original:
*paregguh/sontos: parasxo/ntos. kai\ *pareneggu/a, parh/ggellen. o( de\ pareneggu/a au)tw=| *pe/rsais mh\ sumple/kesqai. *pareneggu/hse, parh/|nese, sunebou/leuse. tau/th| toi pareneggu/hse dhlhthri/w| farma/kw| diafqei=rai au)tou/s.
The primary headword is the future active participle, masculine/neuter genitive singular, of pareggua/w. This form is unattested elsewhere, but may appear here only by scribal error: see n.1 below.
For other forms of the same verb see pi 517 and pi 518.
[1] = Hesychius pi753, Synagoge, Photius pi339 Theodoridis, though these lexica have the headword as paregguh/santos (aorist active participle) rather than the Suda's paregguh/sontos (future active participle). The aorist is surely correct (and the future a scribal error), since the gloss in all these lexica is an aorist active participle. Theodoridis regards paregguh/santos as extracted from Xenophon, Anabasis 4.7.25. Another possibility [DW], given the tastes of the compiler of this part of the Suda, is Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 5.312; cf. pi 513, pi 522.
[2] A paraphrase of Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 5.8.10, also quoted more directly at epsilon 2631. The text of Theophylact reads parenegu/a rather than the Suda's pareneggu/a, exhibiting a late-Greek reanalysis of the stem -eggu- as -en-gu-. The form found in the Suda would thus appear to be a classicizing re-analysis (on the part of the Suda or an intermediary source) of the stem into -en-eggu-. The same process occurs with the next lemma in the entry: see n.3 below.
[3] An approximation of Menander Protector 7.31 (= Constantine Porphyrogenitus, Excerpta de legationibus 450.33). Once again the verb appears in the Menander excerpt as parenegu/hse and has been re-analysed (cf. n.2 above).
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; politics
Translated by: William Hutton on 2 August 2011@12:57:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 3 August 2011@03:50:58.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 3 August 2011@09:49:59.
William Hutton (tweaked tr. for consistency; corrected my own typos.) on 3 August 2011@12:37:26.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; tweaking) on 14 September 2013@06:40:09.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 13 February 2015@07:55:08.


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