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Headword: *para/phgma
Adler number: pi,410
Translated headword: parapegma
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] rule.[1] Also a variety of astronomical instrument.[2] "But if you desire an individual parapegma that grabs your heart in the face of death, let me speak."[3]
Greek Original:
*para/phgma: kanw/n. kai\ ei)=do/s ti o)rga/nou a)stronomikou=. ei) de\ i)diwtiko\n para/phgma a(yika/rdion e)qe/leis pro\s to\n qa/naton, ei)/pw.
[1] For this sense of the headword (a neuter noun) see LSJ s.v. para/phgma, II.
[2] For this sense of the headword see LSJ s.v. para/phgma, I, "astronomical and meteorological calendar". A block of stone with a series of small holes corresponding to the days of the year, next to some of which would be inscribed indications of astronomical events; a peg was moved from hole to hole according to the date.
[3] An incomplete quotation -- relating to sense I above -- from Marcus Aurelius, Meditations 9.3.2; see already at alpha 4730.
Hannah, R. (2001), 'From orality to literacy: the case of the parapegma', in J. Watson (ed.), Speaking Volumes (Leiden: Brill) 139-59
Hannah, R. (2002), 'Euctemon's parapēgma', in C. J. Tuplin and T. E. Rihll (eds), Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture (Oxford: OUP) 112-32
Lehoux, D. (2007), Astronomy, Weather, and Calendars: parapegmata and related texts in Classical and Near Eastern societies (Cambridge: CUP)
Keywords: chronology; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; mathematics; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 20 June 2008@01:40:31.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 June 2008@03:16:25.
David Whitehead (augmented bibliography) on 19 December 2008@02:59:13.
David Whitehead on 5 September 2013@04:41:29.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 25 May 2021@19:19:51.


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