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Headword: *)okrio/eis
Adler number: omicron,124
Translated headword: jagged, pointed
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] rough.[1]
In the Epigrams: "... and [sc. the calligrapher Callimenes dedicates to Hermes] a jagged stone (referring to the pumice stone) with which the double-toothed reed, having been blunted by prolonged writing, is sharpened...."[2]
Also [sc. attested is] o)kruo/essa ["chilling"], [meaning] horrible, frightful.[3] "Even if your chilling barge is heavily laden, accept me, Diogenes the Cynic, having perished."[4]
Greek Original:
*)okrio/eis: o( traxu/s. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: kai\ li/qon o)krio/enta, do/nac o(/qi disso\n o)do/nta qh/getai [th\n ki/shrin le/gwn], a)mblunqei\s e)k dolixografi/hs. kai\ *)okruo/essa, frikth/, fobera/. de/cai m', ei) kai/ soi me/ga bri/qetai o)kruo/essa ba=ris, a)pofqi/menon to\n *ku/na *dioge/nh.
The headword (which occurs in the first quotation given in the masculine accusative singular) is an adjective in the masculine nominative singular; see generally LSJ s.v.
[1] The gloss is the same grammatical form as the headword. The headword is similarly glossed by Orion [Author, Myth], Etymologicum 122.5; Etymologicum Magnum 621.6 (Kallierges), and ps.-Zonaras 1438.26. The masculine (and neuter) dative singular form of the headword occurs at Homer, Iliad 4.518 (web address 1); cf. Hesychius omicron491, and Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon 120.1. Adler also cites the Lexicon de Spiritu, L.C. Valckenaer, ed.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.65.5-6, attributed to Paul the Silentiary (d. ca. 580 CE); OCD(4) s.v. and PLRE, s.v. Paulus (21). The parenthetical remark, identifying the stone as volcanic pumice, is inserted into the epigram by the Suda; cf. kappa 1670.
[3] The adjective o)kruo/essa, probably extracted from the quotation given, is the feminine nominative (and vocative) singular form of o)kruo/eis, -essa, -en; see LSJ s.v. This adjective and the first of the following glosses -- frikth/ (feminine nominative/vocative singular of the adjective frikto/s, -h/, -o/n) -- are also given by the scholia to Homer, Iliad 5.740 (web address 2) and by ps.-Zonaras 1440.1. The genitive singular forms of the adjective and its gloss, o)kruoe/sshs and frikth=s, respectively, are found in the scholia to Homer, Iliad 6.344 (web address 3); cf. Hesychius omicron494-495. Here Adler also cites Lexicon Ambrosianum 122 and Valckenaer's Lexicon de Spiritu. [In her critical apparatus Adler reports that mss TM transmit o)krio/essa.]
[4] Greek Anthology 7.67.3-4 (Leonidas of Tarentum); epitaph of Diogenes, addressed to Charon [Author, Myth]; already in full at beta 114 and slightly abridged at alpha 3638; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 126); (vol. II, 367-368); and further excerpts from this epigram at epsilon 2061, epsilon 3944, and pi 2073. Diogenes the Cynic (the Dog; 412/403-324/321 BCE; from the city of Sinope, in Asia Minor, present-day Sinop in Turkey; Barrington Atlas map 87 grid A2) flouted social norms and espoused a simple, natural style of life; see generally OCD(4) s.v. Diogenes(2), and cf. delta 1141, delta 1143, delta 1144. On Charon, ferryman of the dead to Hades, see chi 135. [In her critical apparatus Adler reports that mss GTM read o)krio/essa within the quoted epitaph.]
J.R. Martindale, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, vol. IIIb, (Cambridge, 1992)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; imagery; mythology; philosophy; poetry; religion; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 1 December 2009@02:35:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 1 December 2009@03:26:21.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 24 June 2013@03:24:43.
David Whitehead (updated some refs) on 6 August 2014@02:57:58.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 March 2015@00:27:47.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 28 December 2020@00:54:15.
Ronald Allen (rearranged n.4, expanded bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 5 January 2021@16:46:46.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 7 January 2021@01:00:38.


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