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Headword: *mh/deia
Adler number: mu,878
Translated headword: Medeia, Medea
Vetting Status: high
A Colchian [woman],[1] the daughter of Aetes,[2] most venomous of women;[3] [it was she] who made it so Jason could yoke the fire-breathing bulls unharmed to plow the earth. And having taken the golden fleece he led Medea [away].
[Note] that the Greeks call naphtha "Medea's olive-oil".[4]
Greek Original:
*mh/deia, *kolxi/s, h( *ai)h/tou quga/thr, farmakista/th gunaikw=n: h(/tis a)sinw=s e)poi/hse to\n *)ia/sona zeu/canta tou\s puripno/ous tau/rous a)ro/sai th\n gh=n. kai\ labw\n to\ xruso/mallon de/ras h)ga/geto th\n *mh/deian. o(/ti oi( *(/ellhnes th\n na/fqan kalou=si *mhdei/as e)/laion.
See generally Richard Hunter in OCD(4) s.v.; also under (e.g.) alpha 2154, alpha 3110, delta 250, alphaiota 235, theta 289, lambda 451, mu 1436.
[1] cf. kappa 1979.
[2] alphaiota 105.
[3] "Most venomous" in the sense of being most skilled at concocting poisons. The irregular superlative farmakista/th (from farmaki/s) occurs only here, but compare the oddly similar (and likewise unique in form) farmakisto/tatai ... gunaikw=n in Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 17.63.
[4] From phi 103; cf. nu 90.
Keywords: aetiology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; mythology; science and technology; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 8 July 2000@19:24:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note, bibliography, keywords; cosmetics) on 28 March 2001@07:55:48.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 7 July 2009@06:56:04.
Catharine Roth (corrected note number) on 1 September 2011@01:16:06.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 20 May 2013@09:50:59.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@08:39:44.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 26 August 2020@22:47:04.


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