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Headword: *katatri/yein
Adler number: kappa,833
Translated headword: to be about to consume
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] to be about to squander [on], to be about to prolong.[1] "For he decided not to leave the war in Etruria[2] unfinished and take trouble over the cities there, fearing that he would be about to consume all the time of his authority -- which was not long -- being occupied with lesser deeds."[3]
Greek Original:
*katatri/yein: katadapanh/sein, xroniei=n. ou) ga\r e)do/kei au)tw=| to\n e)n *turrhni/a| po/lemon a)telh= katalei/ponti peri\ tw=n e)kei/nh| po/lewn pragmateu/esqai, dedoiko/ti mh\ katatri/yeien a(/panta to\n th=s a)rxh=s xro/non, ou) polu\n o)/nta, peri\ ta\s e)la/ttous a)sxolou/menos pra/ceis.
[1] The headword is future active infinitive of katatri/bw (literally "I rub down"), evidently quoted from somewhere (other than the quotation given here, which has the future optative); perhaps Cassius Dio 60.19.5.
[2] Ancient Etruria, also known as Tyrrhenia, occupies the central-western region of the Italian peninsula, north of Latium and south of Liguria; cf. tau 837, tau 1195, and Barrington Atlas map 42 grids B1-3).
[3] Polybius fr. 171 Büttner-Wobst (context and individual unknown). Büttner-Wobst notes (536) that this fragment was attributed to Polybius by Valesius (Henri de Valois 1603-1676). Schweighäuser, arguing that Polybius usually employs the particle mh/ after a verb of fearing only if that verb is in the optative or subjunctive mood, remained doubtful about the attribution (ibid.); indeed, in this fragment mh\ follows the perfect participle dedoiko/ti, without the particle a)/n, whose presence would represent an optative mood (Smyth, §§1845-1849, 411-412). Defending the attribution, however, Büttner-Wobst cites (op. cit., 536) two indisputably Polybian passages where the negative mh/ particle follows participles derived from verbs of fearing, concern, or worry, without an accompanying a)/n particle; cf. Polybius 4.71.6 (web address 1) and 5.20.3 (web address 2).
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
H.W. Smyth, Greek Grammar, (Cambridge, MA 1956)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 13 August 2008@02:44:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded notes; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 August 2008@03:12:15.
David Whitehead on 6 February 2013@05:34:57.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography) on 30 October 2018@15:17:07.
Ronald Allen (inserted new geographical n.2, added map reference, added cross-references) on 30 October 2018@16:43:24.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography entry, added links) on 31 October 2018@15:34:28.


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