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Headword: *ko/ndulon
Adler number: kappa,2030
Translated headword: knuckle
Vetting Status: high
[...] the [phrase] "they slapped him",[1] as it seems, hence the Attic speakers; but Kolaphos is [used] in Epicharmus.[2]
Aristophanes [writes]: "if the child asks for wine, give him a knuckle".[3] [Said] in order to accustom children not to ask for anything superfluous.[4]
Greek Original:
*ko/ndulon: to\ e)kola/fisan au)to/n, w(s e)/oiken, e)nteu=qen oi( *)attikoi\ le/gousin. o( de\ ko/lafo/s e)sti par' *)epixa/rmw|. *)aristofa/nhs: h)\n o( pai=s oi)=non ai)th=|, ko/ndulon au)tw=| di/dou. u(pe\r tou= e)qi/zein tou\s pai=das mhde/n ti peritto\n ai)tei=n.
The first part of this entry comes from Pausanias the Atticist (kappa38) but, as Adler notes, the beginning of it is corrupt; see the references and discussion at Photius, Lexicon kappa931 Theodoridis. The entry is attempting to combine discussion of the noun ko/ndulos "knuckle" (cf. kappa 2029) with the koine verb kolafi/zw "slap".
[1] Matthew 26:67 (web address 1).
[2] Epicharmus fr. 1 Kaibel (and K.-A.) -- a proper name there.
[3] This actually occurs in the scholia to Aristophanes, Peace 123 ("if I do well and come back, you'll have a big loaf every morning -- and a knuckle for sauce"). See further, next note (and text at web address 2).
[4] Likewise from the scholia to Peace 123, and also in various paroemiographers: see e.g. Zenobius 1.92, Diogenianus 1.81, Apostolius 3.2; they interpret it as "applying to those who ask for something good, and get back something evil", with Apostolius connecting it with the Cyclops.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: children; Christianity; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; imagery; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 24 January 2009@05:32:30.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keywords, status) on 25 January 2009@00:55:09.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 25 January 2009@04:24:40.
David Whitehead (recast tr and notes; more keywords) on 11 March 2013@06:18:05.
David Whitehead (updated n.2) on 21 December 2014@10:39:05.
David Whitehead (coding) on 2 May 2016@04:56:21.
Catharine Roth (added links) on 30 December 2019@14:31:40.


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