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Headword: *(hra/kleis
Adler number: eta,470
Translated headword: Herakles!, Heracles!
Vetting Status: high
An exclamation of amazement.[1]
But *(/hrakles [is] the vocative case,[2] as w)= *da/mater [vocative] differs from h( *dh/mhter [nominative].[3]
And they call upon the Heracleidae similarly. Menander [writes]: "now o Heracleidae and gods!"[4]
Greek Original:
*(hra/kleis: e)pi/fqegma qaumastiko/n. to\ de\ *(/hrakles klhtikh\ ptw=sis, w(/sper to\ w)= *da/mater tou= h( *dh/mhter diafe/rei. e)pikalou=ntai de\ tou\s *(hraklei/das o(moi/ws. *me/nandros: a)ll' w)= *(hraklei=dai kai\ qeoi/.
= Photius, Lexicon eta222 Theodoridis (Aelius Dionysius eta14). See also eta 469.
[1] cf. scholion on Plato, Meno 91C.
[2] The vocative is *(hra/kleis as at eta 469.
[3] The Attic nominative is *dhmh/thr; Doric, Arcadian, and Boeotian is *dama/thr; *dwma/thr is attested in Aeolic. In the vocative the last vowel is short, *dh/mhter or *da/mater. See also delta 426, delta 427.
[4] Menander fr. 893 Kock, 546 K.-A.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; mythology; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 30 July 2006@22:17:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 31 July 2006@03:04:18.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 December 2012@04:18:16.
David Whitehead (expanded notes) on 29 August 2013@09:11:01.
David Whitehead on 23 April 2016@08:15:07.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 3 July 2016@00:54:45.


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