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Headword: *)hle/ktwr
Adler number: eta,201
Translated headword: beaming
Vetting Status: high
The sun.[1]
The sun is a star shining during daytime.[2]
The word is h)le/ktwr because it is never-ceasing [a)/lhktos] and never-tiring. However, the basic meaning is "wholly spherical". Some derive it from the brightness of amber [elektron]; or because it awakes us from sleep, [they derive it] from a)le/ktwr ["rooster"]. For this creature [is] multiply-salacious, since it awakes us from our beds [lektra]. "When early-born, rosy-fingered dawn appeared, [Telemachos] rose from his bed."[3]
Greek Original:
*)hle/ktwr: o( h(/lios. h(/lios de/ e)stin a)/stron h(merofane/s. le/getai de\ h)le/ktwr, o(/ti a)/lhkto/s e)sti kai\ a)ka/mas. a)ll' h( e)tumo/ths o(/lh sfairikh/. e)/nioi de\ a)po\ th=s lampro/thtos tou= h)le/ktrou: h)\ o(/ti e)gei/rei h(ma=s a)po\ tou= u(/pnou a)po\ tou= a)le/ktoros. poluo/xeuton ga\r to\ zw=|on, o(/ti e)k tw=n le/ktrwn h(ma=s e)gei/rei. h)=mos d' h)rige/neia fa/nh r(ododa/ktulos h)w/s, o)/rnut' a)/r' e)c eu)nh=fin.
[1] An Homeric gloss -- cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 6.513, where the headword appears -- from the Synagoge (cf. e.g. Photius s.v., Etymologicum Magnum 425.31, Apollonius Sophistes, Homeric Lexicon 83.20). Elsewhere this word is used to denote fire (Empedocles 22.2).
[2] Aristotle, Topica 142b1-2; cf. [Plato] Definitions 411B.
[2] Homer, Odyssey 2.1-2.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery; mythology; philosophy; poetry; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 15 March 2006@17:09:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 16 March 2006@05:29:03.
David Whitehead on 12 December 2012@07:34:37.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 20 November 2014@19:23:35.
David Whitehead on 21 November 2014@02:48:01.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 April 2015@18:10:41.


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