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Headword: *dh=rin
Adler number: delta,490
Translated headword: battle
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning the same as] ma/xh, or rivalry.[1]
In the Epigrams: "so I also once was about to leave hateful battle to Ares, and to listen to maiden choruses."[2] And elsewhere: "once a Spartan was running away from battle, and his mother meeting him [...]."[3]
Greek Original:
*dh=rin: ma/xhn, h)\ filoneiki/an. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: me/llon a)/ra stugera\n ka)gw/ pote dh=rin *)/arhi+ e)kprolipou=sa xorw=n parqeni/wn a)i/+ein. kai\ au)=qis: feu=ge *la/kwn pote\ dh=rin, u(pantia/sasa de\ ma/thr.
[1] cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 17.158, where -- as again here -- the headword appears in the accusative case. (For the nominative, genitive and dative see delta 489.)
[2] Greek Anthology 6.127.1-2 (Nicias), a piece of military gear speaks after an old warrior places it at the temple of Artemis; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 149) and (vol. II, 430). The dedicated item is unnamed, but the anthologist located this epigram among others highlighting a shield (a)spi/s), an assumption that Gow and Page (ibid.) find quite plausible on the basis of the feminine participle e)kprolipou=sa (from e)kprolei/pw, I forsake, abandon); cf. Paton (366-367).
[3] Greek Anthology 9.397.1 (Palladas): cf. alpha 2844.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
W.R. Paton, trans., The Greek Anthology: Books I-VI, (Cambridge, MA 1993)
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; imagery; military affairs; meter and music; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 August 2004@18:12:24.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 August 2004@03:10:35.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 27 June 2012@04:54:51.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 18 October 2015@09:59:57.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added keywords) on 11 January 2022@13:59:01.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note) on 12 January 2022@01:05:00.


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