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Headword: *cenofw=n
Adler number: xi,47
Translated headword: Xenophon
Vetting Status: high
Son of Grylos,[1] Athenian, Socratic philosopher; [it was he] who was the first to write lives of philosophers and commentaries. By Philesia he had his sons Grylos and Diodoros, who were also called the Dioskouroi;[2] he himself was dubbed the Attic honeybee. He became a schoolmate of Plato and flourished during the 95th Olympiad.[3] He wrote more than 40 books, among them these: Cyropaedia [in] 8 books, Anabasis of Cyrus [in] 7 books, Hellenica [Greek History] [in] 7 books, Symposium; and many others.
Greek Original:
*cenofw=n, *gru/lou, *)aqhnai=os, filo/sofos *swkratiko/s: o(\s prw=tos e)/graye bi/ous filoso/fwn kai\ a)pomnhmoneu/mata. pai=das e)/sxen a)po\ *filhsi/as *gru/lon kai\ *dio/dwron, oi(\ kai\ *dio/skouroi e)kalou=nto: au)to\s de\ *)attikh\ me/litta e)pwnoma/zeto. ge/gone de\ sumfoithth\s *pla/twnos kai\ h)/kmaze kata\ th\n #4e# o)lumpia/da. e)/graye bibli/a plei/ona tw=n m#, w(=n kai\ tau=ta: *ku/rou paidei/as bibli/a h#, *ku/rou *)anaba/sews bibli/a z#, *(ellhnikw=n bibli/a z#, *sumpo/sion: kai\ a)/lla polla/.
On Xenophon (c.428-c.354) see generally C.J. Tuplin in OCD(4) s.v. Xenophon(1), and again xi 48. For the present material cf. Diogenes Laertius 2.48, 52, 55-57.
[1] The more authentic spelling is Gryllos.
[2] The nickname obviously indicates (what is otherwise not directly attested) that they were twins; cf. delta 1209. On "Grylos" see the preceding note. (The spelling is correct in gamma 463, from Harpokration.)
[3] 400-397. For Plato see pi 1707.
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; geography; historiography; imagery; mythology; philosophy; women; zoology
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 15 February 2000@12:11:21.
Vetted by:
Joseph L. Rife (minor cosmetic changes; added commentary and keywords) on 12 September 2000@01:56:28.
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 11 January 2001@10:55:36.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 29 August 2007@09:20:51.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 19 June 2013@03:21:53.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@06:07:45.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 24 January 2021@16:12:47.


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