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Headword: Ξενοφῶν
Adler number: xi,47
Translated headword: Xenophon
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of Grylos,[1] Athenian, Socratic philosopher; [it was he] who was the first to write lives of philosophers and commentaries. By Philesia he had his sons Grylos and Diodoros, who were also called the Dioskouroi;[2] he himself was dubbed the Attic honeybee. He became a schoolmate of Plato and flourished during the 95th Olympiad.[3] He wrote more than 40 books, among them these: Cyropedia [in] 8 books, Anabasis of Cyrus [in] 7 books, Hellenica [Greek History] [in] 7 books, Symposium; and many others.
Greek Original:
Ξενοφῶν, Γρύλου, Ἀθηναῖος, φιλόσοφος Σωκρατικός: ὃς πρῶτος ἔγραψε βίους φιλοσόφων καὶ ἀπομνημονεύματα. παῖδας ἔσχεν ἀπὸ Φιλησίας Γρύλον καὶ Διόδωρον, οἳ καὶ Διόσκουροι ἐκαλοῦντο: αὐτὸς δὲ Ἀττικὴ μέλιττα ἐπωνομάζετο. γέγονε δὲ συμφοιτητὴς Πλάτωνος καὶ ἤκμαζε κατὰ τὴν #4ε# ὀλυμπιάδα. ἔγραψε βιβλία πλείονα τῶν μ#, ὧν καὶ ταῦτα: Κύρου παιδείας βιβλία η#, Κύρου Ἀναβάσεως βιβλία ζ#, Ἑλληνικῶν βιβλία ζ#, Συμπόσιον: καὶ ἄλλα πολλά.
Notes:
On Xenophon (c.428-c.354) see generally C.J. Tuplin in OCD(4) s.v. Xenophon(1), and again xi 48. For the present material cf. Diogenes Laertius 2.48, 52, 55-57.
[1] The more authentic spelling is Gryllos.
[2] The nickname obviously indicates (what is otherwise not directly attested) that they were twins; cf. delta 1209. On "Grylos" see the preceding note. (The spelling is correct in gamma 463, from Harpokration.)
[3] 400-397. For Plato see pi 1707.
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; geography; historiography; imagery; mythology; philosophy; women; zoology
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 15 February 2000@12:11:21.
Vetted by:
Joseph L. Rife (minor cosmetic changes; added commentary and keywords) on 12 September 2000@01:56:28.
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 11 January 2001@10:55:36.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 29 August 2007@09:20:51.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 19 June 2013@03:21:53.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@06:07:45.

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