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Headword: Ὑεικόν
Adler number: upsilon,77
Translated headword: swinish
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] appropriate to a pig, the work of a swine. It is said that Socrates, in the presence of many others and Euthydemus himself, said that "Critias might seem to suffer from something swinish, wanting to rub himself against Euthydemus, just like piglets [do] against stones." Xenophon says [this].[1]
[sc. Also attested is the phrase] 'of swinish creatures':[2] "and this seemed to me not a human [condition], but rather to be that of certain swinish creatures." Plato [sc. says this] in Laws [book] 7.[3]
[sc. Also attested is] 'you are acting the pig': "when you talk of pigs and dog-headed people, you are not only acting the pig yourself, but you are not acting finely in persuading your hearers to do so toward my writings”. Plato [sc. says this] in Theaetetus.[4]
Greek Original:
Ὑεικόν: ὑὸς ἴδιον, χοίρου ἔργον. λέγεται τὸν Σωκράτην ἄλλων τε πολλῶν παρόντων καὶ τοῦ Εὐθυδήμου εἰπεῖν, ὅτι ὑεικὸν αὐτῷ δοκοίη πάσχειν ὁ Κριτίας, ἐπιθυμῶν Εὐθυδήμῳ προσκνήσασθαι, ὥσπερ τὰ ὑί̈δια τοῖς λίθοις. Ξενοφῶν φησιν. ὑηνῶν θρεμμάτων: καὶ ἔδοξέ μοι τοῦτο οὐκ ἀνθρώπινον, ἀλλ' ὑηνῶν τινων μᾶλλον εἶναι θρεμμάτων. Πλάτων Νόμων ζ#. ὑηνεῖς: ὗς δὲ δὴ καὶ κυνοκεφάλους λέγων, οὐ μόνον αὐτὸς ὑηνεῖς, ἀλλὰ καὶ τοὺς ἀκούοντας τοῦτο δρᾶν πρὸς τὰ συγγράμματά μου ἀναπείθεις, οὐ καλῶς ποιῶν. Πλάτων Θεαιτήτῳ.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius upsilon30 Theodoridis. 'Xenophon' = Memorabilia 1.2.30-31 (web address 1); see also under upsilon 85.
[2] cf. upsilon 80.
[3] Plato, Laws 7.819D (web address 2).
[4] Plato, Theaetetus 166C-D (web address 3); also under upsilon 80.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; imagery; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 21 July 2009@04:26:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another note; tweaks and cosmetics) on 21 July 2009@09:30:58.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 November 2013@09:36:36.
David Whitehead (codings) on 29 May 2016@10:42:56.


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