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Headword: *qrigko/s
Adler number: theta,497
Translated headword: cornice
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the fence around the house, a crown,[1] a small wall, an enclosure [wall].[2]
Or, the upper parts of houses. A metaphor drawn from us, because the upper parts of our bodies are fenced around with hairs.[3]
In the Epigrams: "[who] among mortals hung these spoils on my cornices?"[4]
Interpretation of a dream: eating lettuce signifies a disease of the body.[5]
The leaves of lettuce plants are called greens.[6]
Greek Original:
*qrigko/s: to\ peri/fragma tou= oi)/kou, stefa/nh, mikro\n teixi/on, peri/bolos. h)\ tw=n oi)kiw=n ta\ a)nwta/tw. metaforikw=s a)f' h(mw=n, dio/ti ta\ a)nwta/tw sw/mata h(mw=n qrici\ peripe/fraktai. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: ta/de moi qnhtw=n qrigkoi=sin a)nh=ye sku=la; lu/sis o)nei/rou: qri/dakas e)/sqein swma/twn dhloi= no/son. o(/ti tw=n qrida/kwn ta\ fu/lla fullei=a le/gontai.
[1] Ps.-Herodian 593.21 and Hesychius theta749 have in this place 'the crown of a wall', which may be more accurate (cf. also scholia to Homer, Odyssey 7.86), though see below.
[2] So far the entry is most similar (but not identical) to Lexica Segueriana 257.25 Bachmann; Photius, Lexicon theta95; a scholion to Plato, Republic 534E. Compare also Hesychius theta749 (see above note) Etymologicum Magnum 455.52-7. Like the Suda, the Etymologicum Magnum (here and at 319.27-30) and the Lexicon Gudianum 265.16 state or imply that the headword can refer to the type of "crown" one wears on the head; that usage does not seem to occur outside lexicography. See also also scholia to Homer, Odyssey 16.165; Apollonius, Homeric Lexicon 88.19. Adler also cites the unedited Lexicon Ambrosianum (335).
[3] cf. Lexicon Gudianum 265.16; Etymologicum Magnum 319.27-30. The word for hair in the nominative singular (qri/c) and dative plural (qrici/, used here) is similar to the headword (qrigko/s). For an alternative etymology (from the verb tre/xw ('run')), see Etymologicum Magnum 455.52-57.
[4] Greek Anthology 6.163.1-2 (Meleager [Author, Myth]), Ares objects to the presence in his shrine of unsullied weapons of war; cf. Gow and Page, vol. I (249); vol. II (670-671); and further excerpts from this epigram at epsilon 1124, epsilon 1390, and lambda 792.
[5] From the dream-interpretations, in verse, attributed to Astrampsychus (alpha 4251). See further, next note.
[6] From phi 833. This sentence and the preceding one, which exist only as a marginal note in ms A, seems to belong to a non-existent entry on qri/dac ('lettuce'), which would follow immediately upon this entry in alphabetical order (unless they were meant to be attached to the end of the preceding entry, theta 496).
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Keywords: agriculture; architecture; botany; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; dreams; epic; food; imagery; medicine; military affairs; poetry; religion; science and technology
Translated by: William Hutton on 11 February 2007@08:59:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 February 2007@09:13:05.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 January 2013@08:37:42.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 25 April 2015@22:05:48.
David Whitehead (note tweak) on 26 April 2015@03:38:25.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 16 December 2018@01:42:32.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.4, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 11 August 2022@12:54:09.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 12 August 2022@12:10:58.


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