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Headword: Θεός
Adler number: theta,178
Translated headword: God
Vetting Status: high
"Trying to interpret the meaning of 'God and Lord', Philo[1] attained the concept of the most royal Trinity. For in saying that God is one he did not aim at the unity in number, but at the mystery of the Holy Trinity, which is more unitary than those things which are in any way divisible, but more abundant than those things which are truly unitary. And thus he laid his life on the line, so to speak, in asserting that the powers of Him Who Is are two. Of these [powers] the one which is creative and energizing, he says, is called God, but the one which is royal and judicial [is called] Lord.[2]
But the Greeks believe god to be immortal being, rational, perfect, spiritual, in true happiness, unable to admit any evil, exercising providence for the universe and those things which are in the universe. [They do not] however [believe that god] is in human form, but that he is the creator of all and a kind of father of all, and commonly also [they call god] the part of him which permeates everything, which is named with many designations according to its powers.[3]
Greek Original:
Θεός: ὅτι Φίλων τοῦ θεὸς καὶ κύριος τὴν σημασίαν ἑρμηνεῦσαι πειρώμενος τῆς βασιλικωτάτης τριάδος ἔννοιαν ἔσχεν. φάσκων γὰρ ὅτι εἷς ἐστι ὁ θεὸς οὐ πρὸς τὸν ἀριθμὸν κατέδραμε τῆς μονάδος, ἀλλὰ πρὸς τὸ μυστήριον τῆς ἁγίας τριάδος, τὸ τῶν μὲν πάντῃ διαιρετῶν ἑνικώτερον, τῶν δὲ ὄντως μοναδικῶν ἀφθονώτερον. καὶ οὕτω κατακράτος εἷλεν αὐτοῦ τὴν ψυχήν, ὡς εἰπεῖν, δύο μὲν εἶναι τὰς τοῦ ὄντος δυνάμεις, ὧν ἡ μὲν ποιητικὴ καὶ ἐνεργητική, φησί, καλεῖται θεός, ἡ δὲ βασιλικὴ καὶ τιμωρητικὴ κύριος. θεὸν δὲ εἶναι δοξάζουσιν Ἕλληνες ζῷον ἀθάνατον, λογικόν, τέλειον, νοερόν, ἐν εὐδαιμονίᾳ, κακοῦ παντὸς ἀνεπίδεκτον, προνοητικὸν κόσμου τε καὶ τῶν ἐν κόσμῳ: μὴ εἶναι μέντοι ἀνθρωπόμορφον: εἶναι δὲ τὸν μὲν δημιουργὸν τῶν ὅλων καὶ ὥσπερ πατέρα πάντων, κοινῶς δὲ καὶ τὸ μέρος αὐτοῦ τὸ διῆκον διὰ πάντων, ὃ πολλαῖς προσηγορίαις προσονομάζεται κατὰ τὰς δυνάμεις.
For this headword see also theta 179, theta 180, theta 181
[1] Philo of Alexandria, a.k.a. Philo Judaeus (phi 448).
[2] George the Monk, Chronicon 527.8-17.
[3] Stoic doctrine from Diogenes Laertius 7.147.
Keywords: Christianity; ethics; historiography; imagery; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 3 December 2001@17:04:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 1 September 2002@07:56:36.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 8 November 2005@17:54:10.
David Whitehead (more x-refs and keywords; tweaking) on 1 January 2013@04:26:07.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 3 January 2013@23:49:57.


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