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Headword: Θεόδωρος
Adler number: theta,154
Translated headword: Theodore, Theodoros, Theodorus
Vetting Status: high
This man appeared after Apollinarius of Laodicea in Syria,[1] obtaining the episcopate of Mopsuestia in Cilicia.[2] He inclined the opposite way from Apollinarius, pouring exceptional insolence on our master Christ with a daring soul and a fearless heart. He miscalled him an ordinary man, one like us, who received the grace of God progressively -– one who was called God and from his baptism in the Jordan was found worthy of the gift of the Holy Spirit, among the first to have been baptized in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. [Theodore said that] because of his exceedingly great virtue God the Word was pleased to dwell in him and gave him a share of the divine honor and veneration [even] later after the end of his life. Speaking these and other similar ill words he taught that there are two individually-defined natures in Christ, made to relate to each other only by their location; this is the second[3]sprouting of [the heresy of] not confessing that one nature and two natures are in Christ according to the true account.
Greek Original:
Θεόδωρος: οὗτος ἀνεφάνη μετὰ Ἀπολινάριον τὸν Λαοδικείας τῆς Συρίας, τὴν ἡγεμονίαν λαχὼν Μοψουεστίας τῆς Κιλικίας, ἐκ διαμέτρου τῷ Ἀπολιναρίῳ φερόμενος, ὕβρεις οὐ τὰς τυχούσας τολμηρᾷ ψυχῇ καὶ ἀφόβῳ καρδίᾳ καταχέων τοῦ δεσπότου Χριστοῦ, ἄνθρωπον ἕνα τῶν καθ' ἡμᾶς καὶ κοινὸν ἀποκαλῶν καὶ ἐκ προκοπῆς λαβόντα τὴν χάριν τοῦ θεοῦ θεὸν ὀνομάζεσθαι καὶ ἐκ τοῦ ἐν Ἰορδάνῃ βαπτίσματος ἀξιωθῆναι τῆς τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος δωρεᾶς, ἐν πρώτοις εἰς ὄνομα πατρὸς καὶ υἱοῦ καὶ ἁγίου πνεύματος βαπτισθέντα. τὸν δὲ θεὸν λόγον διὰ τὴν ὑπερβάλλουσαν ἀρετὴν αὐτοῦ κατ' εὐδοκίαν ἐν αὐτῷ κατοικήσαντα μεταδοῦναι τῆς θεϊκῆς ἀξίας αὐτῷ καὶ προσκυνήσεως εἰς ὕστερον μετὰ τὴν τελείωσιν. ταῦτα καὶ ἕτερα τοιαῦτα δυσφημήσας δύο φύσεις ἰδιοπεριορίστους ἐδογμάτισεν ἐπὶ Χριστοῦ, σχέσει τινὶ καὶ μόνον ἀλλήλαις ᾠκειωμένας: δευτέρα καὶ αὕτη βλάστησις τοῦ μίαν φύσιν καὶ δύο φύσεις ἐν Χριστῷ μὴ κατὰ τὸν ὀρθὸν λόγον ὁμολογεῖσθαι.
From George the Monk, Chronicon 471.8-24.
For more on Theodore of Mopsuestia from different perspectives, see web addresses 1 (Catholic Encyclopedia) and 2 (
[1] For Apollinarios see alpha 3397, alpha 3398.
[2] For Mopsou(h)estia, present-day Yakapinar, see Barrington Atlas map 67 grid B3.
[3] The word 'second' (δευτέρα ) is to be interpreted with reference to a previous chapter of George's concerning Paul of Samosata (see under pi 813), whose heretical thoughts were defined in a closely similar way: αἱ πρῶται φυαὶ τοῦ μίαν φύσιν καὶ τὰς δύο [...] ἐπὶ Χριστοῦ λέγεσθαι . A metaphor of heresy as a poisonous weed is implicit in both passages.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; botany; Christianity; chronology; ethics; geography; historiography; imagery; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 29 April 2005@18:48:32.
Vetted by:
Antonella Ippolito (added note and references; added Internet reference) on 29 April 2005@22:44:20.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 1 May 2005@04:38:41.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 1 May 2005@12:41:40.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 5 October 2005@01:42:08.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 28 November 2005@10:42:49.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmeticule) on 28 November 2005@11:35:45.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 31 December 2012@07:09:21.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 1 January 2013@01:08:26.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 11 December 2016@02:00:16.
Catharine Roth (expanded references) on 22 October 2018@02:02:30.


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