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Headword: *tibe/rios
Adler number: tau,551
Translated headword: Tiberius
Vetting Status: high
son of Octavian;[1] emperor of [the] Romans. He managed his reign rashly and foolishly -- employing fearful cruelty and loathsome and lawless greed as well as shameful hedonism. For, while he refused all military authority, yet he greedily and eagerly brought war against his enemies through his subordinate commanders. And, as he was of bad character, he deceitfully prosecuted some of the allied kings and stole from their kingdoms. One of these, Archelaus,[2] was the king of the Cappadocians, and Tiberius summoned this man with wheedling and flattering words and then never let him return to his homeland but declared Cappadocia a province, and the largest of the cities there, which was then called Mazaka,[3] he instructed to take its name from him. This city, in fact, still in our day is named after Caesar. But nevertheless, when he had reached a great old age, he died.
Greek Original:
*tibe/rios, *)oktabi/ou ui(o/s, basileu\s *(rwmai/wn, e)mplh/ktws kai\ a)noh/tws th\n a)rxh\n diw|kh/sato, fobera=| me\n w)mo/thti, musara=| de\ kai\ a)qe/smw| pleoneci/a| ai)sxra=| te h(dupaqei/a| xrhsa/menos. stratei/an me\n ga\r a(/pasan au)to\s h)rnh/sato, dia\ de\ tw=n u(postrath/gwn gli/sxrws kai\ r(a|qu/mws toi=s e)nanti/ois prospolemw=n. kakoh/qhs de\ w)\n e)/stin ou(\s tw=n summa/xwn basile/wn tw=n oi)kei/wn a)rxw=n a)pa/th| metelqw\n a)fei/leto: w(=n *)arxe/laos h)=n o( *kappado/kwn basileu/s, o(\n h)pi/ois kai\ qerapeutikoi=s kale/sas w(s e(auto\n lo/gois, ou)ke/ti pro\s th\n oi)kei/an a)ponosth=sai sunexw/rhsen, a)ll' e)parxi/an th\n *kappadoki/an a)pe/fh|ne kai\ th\n megi/sthn tw=n th=|de po/lewn *ma/zaka e)/mprosqen u(po\ tw=n e)poi/kwn o)nomazome/nhn, a)f' e(autou= fe/rein th\n proshgori/an e)pe/tacen: h(/per dh\ kaq' h(ma=s *kai/saro/s e)stin e)pw/numos. e)s gh=ras de\ o(/mws makro\n proelqw\n qnh/skei.
Reigned 14-37 CE. See generally Barbara Levick in OCD(4) s.v., and again at tau 552. (Both entries draw on John of Antioch.) Garrett Fagan's De Imperatoribus Romanis entry may be found at web address 1.
[1] By adoption. For Octavian (T's predecessor, the emperor Augustus) see generally alpha 4412, kappa 1197.
[2] cf. Tacitus, Annals 2.42, 6.41 (web address 2)
[3] cf. Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 1.125 (web address 3)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: aetiology; biography; constitution; economics; ethics; historiography; history; law; military affairs
Translated by: Abram Ring on 17 February 2004@16:54:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 February 2004@03:43:09.
David Whitehead (corrected one of my x-refs) on 18 February 2004@03:44:11.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 18 February 2004@12:26:26.
David Whitehead (another of my own typos) on 19 February 2004@03:04:24.
Catharine Roth (added links) on 19 February 2004@19:48:40.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 13 January 2014@04:48:45.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@07:58:13.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 28 November 2014@00:03:07.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 14 August 2022@13:04:21.


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