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Headword: *talantoume/nhn
Adler number: tau,35
Translated headword: being balanced
Vetting Status: high
Plato in Timaeus [writes]: "but being balanced unevenly, the earth, although being shaken by them [sc. the forms of Being, Space, and Becoming], also motivates these others to shake in turn."[1] [sc. The word is used] metaphorically from beam-scales -- since the beam scale is called a balance. Also [sc. attested is the verb] u(pertalanta=n ["to overbalance"], an outweighing.[2]
Greek Original:
*talantoume/nhn: *pla/twn e)n *timai/w|: th\n de\ gh=n talantoume/nhn a)nwma/lws sei/esqai me\n u(p' e)kei/nwn, kinoume/nhn de\ au)= pa/lin e)kei=na sei/ein. metaforikw=s a)po\ tw=n zugw=n: e)pei\ to\ zugo\n ta/lanton le/getai. kai\ u(pertalanta=n, to\ u(perbarei=n.
The headword (extracted from the quotation given) is the present middle/passive participle, feminine accusative singular, of the contract verb talanta/w, I balance, sway, oscillate; see generally LSJ s.v., and cognates at tau 31, tau 32, tau 33, tau 34, and tau 36.
[1] Plato, Timaeus 52E (web address 1), on the original cause of motion in the cosmos; Guthrie, p. 271.
[2] Same entry in Timaeus, Platonic Lexicon tau1003b8, and Photius, Lexicon tau21 Theodoridis (though it is the Suda compiler who adds the name 'Plato'). See also Etymologicum Magnum 744.12-7 (Kallierges), and cf. ps.-Zonaras 1714.10. Adler also cites Etymologicum Genuinum. [In her critical apparatus Adler reports that ms F lacks the end of the gloss, to\ u(perbarei=n (an outweighing), and the next two entries.]
W.K.C. Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy: The Later Plato and the Academy, vol. 5, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; philosophy; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 18 November 2011@02:57:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 18 November 2011@03:17:18.
Catharine Roth (updated link) on 18 November 2011@23:48:16.
David Whitehead on 6 January 2014@07:24:57.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 23 December 2014@22:43:02.


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