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Headword: *tumboge/rwn
Adler number: tau,1157
Translated headword: fossil; old man with one foot in the grave
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning one who is] aged.[1]
Procopius [writes]: "Justinus the emperor was already a fossil."[2]
Alternatively tumboge/rwn, [meaning] at the last extremity of old age.[3]
Greek Original:
*tumboge/rwn. o( pe/mpelos. *proko/pios: o( de\ *)iousti=nos o( basileu\s tumboge/rwn h)=n h)/dh. h)\ *tumboge/rwn, o( e)sxato/ghrws.
This headword, literally 'tomb-old-man', seems to be colloquial and to have a negative connotation; cf. tau 1160 (plural). Its first attributable appearance is in a contextless two-word phrase from Aristophanes: Demiańczuk fr. 55. (Comica adespota fr. 1172 Kock, the single word tumboge/rwn, may or may not be different.) The two-word phrase also appears in Euripides (Medea 1209 and Heraclidae 167). Of course, Procopius' Secret History, from which the example here is derived, is a highly critical account. The modern American English "fossil," often applied as a term of reproach, provides an appropriate translation.
[1] cf. pi 958.
[2] A very loose adaptation of parts of Procopius, Secret Histories 6.11. On the emperor Justin see generally iota 449.
[3] cf. Hesychius tau1632.
Jan Demiańczuk. 1912. Supplementum Comicum. Krakau: Nakladem Academii
T. Kock. 1888. Comicorum Atticorum fragmenta. vol. 3. Leipzig: Teubner.
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; historiography; history; imagery; medicine
Translated by: Abram Ring on 6 May 2009@15:35:49.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference and keywords, set status) on 6 May 2009@21:55:30.
David Whitehead (more notes; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 May 2009@04:06:45.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords) on 4 November 2010@08:13:15.
David Whitehead on 16 January 2014@06:10:40.
David Whitehead (expanded note) on 29 May 2016@07:59:15.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 23 October 2022@00:55:30.


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