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Headword: Σπένδομαι
Adler number: sigma,920
Translated headword: I am poured as a libation
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Used] with a dative.[1] [Meaning] I am offered as a sacrifice, or I am dedicated to a god/God.[2] Also [sc. attested is] σπένδοντας ["them pouring libations"],[3] [meaning them] sacrificing, offering. Besides the libation [there is] also making friends. For this is what they used to call the treaties with enemies and libations with oaths.[4]
Greek Original:
Σπένδομαι: δοτικῇ. θύομαι, ἢ θεῷ ἀνατίθεμαι. καὶ Σπένδοντας, θύοντας, προσφέροντας. παρὰ τὴν σπονδὴν καὶ τὸ φιλιοῦσθαι. οὕτως γὰρ ἐκάλουν τὰς ἐπὶ τῶν πολεμίων συμβάσεις καὶ σπονδὰς ἐνόρκους.
Notes:
11] Likewise or similarly in syntactical lexica.
[2] This substantive glossing is the same or similar in other lexica; references at Photius sigma450, where Theodoridis claims the headword as quoted from Philippians 2.17. If so, the verb (for which see also sigma 919, epsilon 3190, epsilon 3191, epsilon 3192) is passive -- as translated here -- rather than middle; cf. also 2 Timothy 4.6, where likewise Paul figuratively represents himself as a sacrificial offering (LSJ s.v. I Pass.). For instances of σπένδομαι in the middle voice see e.g. Euripides, Orestes 1680; Aristophanes, Acharnians 199, Lysistrata 1040.
[3] Masculine accusative plural of the present participle of active σπένδω , evidently quoted from somewhere; extant possibilities include Homer, Odyssey 7.137, and Plato, Laws 7.799B. See further, next note.
[4] Again, other lexica have this glossing, but note that in Photius s.v. editors do not punctuate after the participle 'offering'.
Keywords: Christianity; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; food; imagery; law; philosophy; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 8 May 2007@23:47:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 9 May 2007@03:39:18.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 August 2011@06:25:12.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; another keyword; tweaking) on 31 December 2013@06:13:42.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 5 April 2014@18:27:29.
David Whitehead on 26 May 2016@06:27:11.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note) on 21 June 2016@20:11:16.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 22 June 2016@03:48:52.

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