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Headword: Σοφοκλῆς
Adler number: sigma,815
Translated headword: Sophocles
Vetting Status: high
Sophocles, son of Sophilos, from the deme Colonus, Athenian, tragedian, born during the seventy-third Olympiad, and thus he was seventeen years older than Socrates. Sophocles was first to employ three actors and the so-called tritagonist, and he was first to bring forth a chorus of fifteen young men. Before then, choruses consisted of twelve youths. He was called Bee because of his sweetness. He himself began competing with a play against a play but not conducting the levy. He wrote elegy and paeans and an account in prose of the chorus, in rivalry with Thespis and Choirilos. The boys whom he had were Iophon, Leosthenes, Ariston, Stephanos, and Menekleides. He died at ninety years, outliving Euripides. He taught 123 plays (or as some say, many more), and won twenty-three victories.
Greek Original:
Σοφοκλῆς, Σωφίλου, Κολωνῆθεν, Ἀθηναῖος, τραγικός, τεχθεὶς κατὰ τὴν ογ# Ὀλυμπιάδα, ὡς πρεσβύτερος εἶναι Σωκράτους ἔτη ιζ#. οὗτος πρῶτος τρισὶν ἐχρήσατο ὑποκριταῖς καὶ τῷ καλουμένῳ τριταγωνιστῇ, καὶ πρῶτος τὸν χορὸν ἐκ πεντεκαίδεκα εἰσήγαγε νέων, πρότερον δυοκαίδεκα εἰσιόντων. προσηγορεύθη δὲ Μέλιττα διὰ τὸ γλυκύ. καὶ αὐτὸς ἦρξε τοῦ δρᾶμα πρὸς δρᾶμα ἀγωνίζεσθαι, ἀλλὰ μὴ στρατολογεῖσθαι. καὶ ἔγραψεν ἐλεγείαν τε καὶ Παιᾶνας καὶ λόγον καταλογάδην περὶ τοῦ χοροῦ, πρὸς Θέσπιν καὶ Χοιρίλον ἀγωνιζόμενος. παῖδας δὲ οὓς ἔσχεν οὗτοι, Ἰοφῶν, Λεωσθένης, Ἀρίστων, Στέφανος, Μενεκλείδης. τελευτᾷ δὲ μετὰ Εὐριπίδην, ἐτῶν #4#. ἐδίδαξε δὲ δράματα ρκγ#, ὡς δέ τινες καὶ πολλῷ πλείω, νίκας δὲ ἔλαβε κδ#.
[Professor Tyrrell's notes to this entry have been published in the online journal Electronic Antiquity 9.1 (2006). Refer to web address 1.]
See also sigma 816, sigma 817, sigma 820.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; children; chronology; geography; imagery; mythology; poetry; religion; stagecraft; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Wm. Blake Tyrrell on 29 September 2003@02:03:21.
Vetted by:
Wm. Blake Tyrrell (Altered keywords) on 1 October 2003@21:17:11.
William Hutton (cosmetics, modified translation, renumbered footnotes, added note and link to Electronic Antiquity) on 6 September 2006@09:51:48.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 6 September 2006@10:28:07.
William Hutton (Removed otiose footnote numbers) on 18 September 2006@07:45:58.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 6 December 2013@23:57:09.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords) on 30 December 2013@08:05:18.


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