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Headword: *su/nqhma
Adler number: sigma,1590
Translated headword: agreement, shared signal, password
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] compact, token, word given in war for recognition of one's own people.[1]
"It was a sign of friendship for the barbarians to meet carrying wreaths and branches, like the herald's wand among the Greeks, making it clear that they have come for this purpose, not intending either to do or to suffer anything disagreeable."[2]
"But [the women] en masse charged against Battos, so that they might remove from him what made him still a man."[3]
"But [the men] were acting with each other, and each kept diligently asking his neighbor the password."[4]
Greek Original:
*su/nqhma: sunqh/kh, su/sshmon, lo/gos e)n pole/mw| e)pi\ gnwrismw=| tw=n oi)kei/wn dido/menos. su/nqhma fili/as h)=n toi=s barba/rois sunanta=n stefa/nous e)/xontas kai\ qallou/s, w(/sper to\ khru/keion e)n toi=s *(/ellhsi, diasafou=ntes, o(/ti pa/reisi dia\ tau=ta, boulo/menoi mh/te poih=sai mh/te paqei=n ti dusxere\s mhde/n. ai( de\ a)qro/ai u(f' e(ni\ sunqh/mati e)pi\ to\n *ba/tton h)=|can, i(/na au)to\n a)fe/lwntai to\ e)/ti ei)=nai a)/ndra. oi( de\ di' a)llh/lwn e)poiou=nto, kai\ to\ su/nqhma meta\ spoudh=s e(/kastos to\n plhsi/on e)phrw/ta.
See also sigma 1584 (different spelling), and cf. generally sigma 1591, sigma 1592, xi 144.
[1] Same glossing in Photius and elsewhere.
[2] An approximation of Polybius 3.52.3; quoted already at kappa 1544.
[3] Part of Aelian fr. 47c Domingo-Forasté; quoted more fully at sigma 1714.
[4] Quotation not identified in Adler, but it is Josephus, Jewish War 5.295, where the verb is e)ptoou=nto "they were frightened by each other." See on this C. Theodoridis in his Photius edition. vol.II p.LXXXVII.
Keywords: biography; botany; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; military affairs; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 26 March 2012@12:33:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplemented tr; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 27 March 2012@03:34:02.
David Whitehead on 3 January 2014@08:16:05.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 5 January 2014@02:22:10.


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