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Headword: *pe/lekus
Adler number: pi,938
Translated headword: axe
Vetting Status: high
[Genitive] pele/kews:[1] the carpenter's tool. "And this behandled, weighty chairman of craft, the axe."[2]
But [sc. some write the genitive as] pele/kuos.[3]
Greek Original:
*pe/lekus, pele/kews: to\ tektoniko\n e)rgalei=on. kai\ e)stelewme/nos ou(=tos e)mbriqh\s te/xnas o( pru/tanis pe/lekus. pele/kuos de/.
[1] This grammatical point, and the addendum to it below, are marginal additions in ms. V.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.205.5-6 (Leonidas of Tarentum), the retiring carpenter Leontichus dedicates his tools to Athena; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 109); (vol. II, 316-319); and other extracts from this epigram at alpha 1748, alpha 3875, epsilon 3419, rho 169, tau 1102, and chi 107. The perfect middle-passive participle e)stelewme/nos (behandled) is evidently the epigrammatist's invention, presumably from the verb steleo/w (I furnish with a handle), and which is not found elsewhere; cf. Gow and Page (vol. II, 318) and LSJ s.v. (web address 1). Blümner (203) illustrates a variety of ancient axe configurations.
[3] This alternative form for the genitive is attested only in late Greek, and mostly in discussions of what the genitive ought to be in contrast to the commonly attested Attic form cited earlier in the entry; cf. Herodian, On the Declension of Nouns 3.2.641.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1965)
H. Blümner, Technologie und Terminologie der Gewerbe und Künste bei Griechen und Römern, vol. II, (Leipzig, 1879)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; poetry; politics; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: William Hutton on 18 September 2011@11:07:46.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 18 September 2011@16:49:22.
David Whitehead (another note; cosmetics) on 19 September 2011@03:52:10.
David Whitehead on 19 September 2013@05:33:54.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword, added link) on 19 February 2021@16:23:30.
Ronald Allen (grammatical tweak n.2) on 19 February 2021@18:41:42.


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