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Headword: Παρδαλῆ
Adler number: pi,496
Translated headword: leopard-skin
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] hide of a leopard. Aristophanes [writes]: "I will send against him coot-birds dressed in leopard-skins."[1]
'Leopard': the animal. Homer [writes]: "become the food of swift leopards and wolves."[2] And Aristophanes [writes]: "there is no beast more intractable than a woman, nor fire, nor any leopard so shameless."[3]
Greek Original:
Παρδαλῆ: παρδάλεως δορά. Ἀριστοφάνης: πέμψω ἐπ' αὐτὸν ὄρνεις πορφυρίωνας παρδαλᾶς ἐνημμένους. Πόρδαλις, τὸ ζῷον. Ὅμηρος: θώων πορδαλίων τε λύκων τ' ἤϊα πέλονται. καὶ Ἀριστοφάνης: οὐδέν ἐστι θηρίον γυναικὸς ἀμαχώτερον, οὐδὲ πῦρ, οὐδ' ὧδ' ἀναιδὴς οὐδεμία πόρδαλις.
The entry combines two purposes: to explain the use of the term παρδαλῆ "leopard-skin" in Aristophanes, and to explain the use in Homer and Aristophanes of a rarer variant, πόρδαλις (again pi 2060), of the more common term for 'leopard', πάρδαλις . A tradition grew up among commentators and lexicographers that the former referred to the male of the species and the latter the female (cf. Hesychius pi3009), but that is not borne out by usage elsewhere. The information in the entry is derived from the scholia to Homer and Aristophanes.
[1] Aristophanes, Birds 1250.
[2] Homer, Iliad 13.103. Most texts read the more common παρδαλίων , but the πορδαλίων presented here is a variant reading ascribed to Aristarchus by the scholia.
[3] Aristophanes, Lysistrata 1014-15; cf. omicron 791.
Keywords: clothing; comedy; definition; epic; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; imagery; military affairs; poetry; women; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 28 July 2011@14:38:41.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; more keywords; cosmetics) on 29 July 2011@03:41:51.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 14 September 2013@05:14:50.


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