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Headword: *para/sitos
Adler number: pi,433
Translated headword: parasite, sponging dinner-guest
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] flatterer,[1] table-licker.[2]
A slap-table.[3]
A needle-seller;[4] this man was a loan-shark, a parasite of the demagogue Pamphilos.[5]
Greek Original:
*para/sitos: ko/lac, trapezoloixo/s. kossotra/pezos. belonopw/lhs: ou(=tos daneisth\s h)=n, para/sitos *pamfi/lou tou= dhmagwgou=.
The headword noun means a "parasite" not in the modern entomological sense, but rather someone who "dines alongside"; a meal-moocher, usually with a reputation for flattering.
[1] Similarly in other lexica.
[2] Repeated at tau 908.
[3] Likewise in other lexica; references at Photius pi304 Theodoridis. The term presumably implies slapping the table in glee at the host’s jokes. Used as a comic proper name, apparently, in Alciphron.
[4] Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 175 (web address 1 below). A scholiast to the line ("And will not the needle-seller [suffer] along with Pamphilus?") identifies the needle-seller as one Aristoxenos -- ignored in LGPN ii -- and details his unsavory behavior.
[5] Prosopographical orthodoxy takes this to be the most politically prominent Pamphilos of the era, P. of Keiriadai (LGPN ii s.v. no.52; J.K. Davies, Athenian Propertied Families 365; R. Develin, Athenian Officials 216), recently in the news as one of the generals of 389/8 and a defendant in a prosecution for embezzlement.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; economics; ethics; food; imagery; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 26 October 2002@15:12:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 27 October 2002@04:48:53.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 7 November 2004@17:34:06.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 12 May 2011@04:51:47.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 August 2011@05:54:44.
David Whitehead on 30 August 2011@05:55:50.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 5 September 2013@06:11:11.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 31 May 2021@00:25:49.


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