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Headword: Parabalesthai
Adler number: pi,272
Translated headword: to betray, to deceive, to risk, to have thrown beside
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"But Judas,[1] being a daring man, chose to risk himself for his brother's salvation."[2] [Meaning] to attack robustly.
Also [sc. attested is] paraballo/menos ["throwing beside"], meaning approaching fearlessly. "He risking and crossing over to Dorimachus several times."[3]
Greek Original:
Parabalesthai: ho de Ioudas drastêrios ôn ekrinen huper tês tadelphou sôtêrias parabalesthai. tolmêrôs eperchesthai. kai Paraballomenos, anti tou adeôs erchomenos. ho de paraballomenos kai diabainôn pros ton Dôrimachon pleonakis.
Notes:
The headword (already at pi 270 and pi 271), here unglossed, is the aorist middle infinitive of the verb paraba/llw, "I throw beside"; cf. LSJ s.v. See also pi 273, pi 277, pi 278, pi 281, pi 513.
[1] Judah, brother of Joseph: Genesis 35-49 passim.
[2] Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 2.139-140 (= Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, De virtutibus et vitiis [On Virtues and Vices] 1.31.21-2), where the present infinitive paraballe/sqai occurs (web address 1).
[3] Quoted approximately from Polybius 4.57.4 (web address 2); again under pi 273. The passage describes an Aetolian volunteer who frequented the Achaean city of Aegeira (modern Aigeira, Greece; cf. alphaiota 58, alphaiota 35 (end), and Barrington Atlas map 58 grid C1). Thereafter--impressed by the negligent, sleepy, and drunken guards--upon crossing the Gulf of Corinth he was coming before Dorimachus and urging him to attack the Aegeirans from the Aetolian base at Oiantheia (modern Tolofon, Greece; cf. pi 3072 (note) and Barrington Atlas map 55 grid C4). The attack, ultimately repulsed, took place during the Social War (220-217), in the spring of 219 (Walbank, p. 513). Dorimachus, of Trichonion (modern Gavalou, Greece; cf. Barrington Atlas map 55 grid B3), was a military commander beginning in 221 and elected general in the fall of 219 (Smith, pp. 1067-8).
References:
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. I, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957
W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. I, London: John Murray, 1880
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; religion
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 23 August 2008@03:53:19.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and notes 1 & 2; added link) on 23 August 2008@14:39:30.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 August 2008@04:29:52.
David Whitehead on 29 August 2011@06:37:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 4 December 2014@10:40:46.

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