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Headword: *pri/ninoi a)/nqrakes
Adler number: pi,2290
Translated headword: oaken coals, holm-oak coals
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning ones that are] solid, and hard; for the wood of the holm-oak [is] strong. Hesiod [writes]: "and a plank of a holm-oak." And elsewhere: "for holm-oak [wood] is the strongest for oxen."[1] Holm-oak [is] a very sharp wood. Aristophanes [writes]: "but you immediately cry aloud just like a holm-oak which has been set on fire." For the holm-oak when burning makes a noise.[2]
Greek Original:
*pri/ninoi a)/nqrakes: stereoi/, kai\ sklhroi/; i)sxuro\n ga\r to\ th=s pri/nou cu/lon. *(hsi/odos: pri/nou de\ gu/hn. kai\ pa/lin: pri/ninos ga\r bousi\n o)xurw/tato/s e)sti. *pri=nos, cu/lon pikro/taton. *)aristofa/nhs: su\ d' eu)qu\s w(/sper pri=nos e)mprhsqei\s boa=|s. kaiome/nh ga\r h( pri=nos yo/fon poiei=.
[1] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Acharnians 180, where the adjective from the headword phrase occurs (of the Acharnian veterans: web address 1); cf. omicron 948. The Hesiod passages quoted are Works and Days 436 and 429. The pri=nos, holm-oak or holly oak, Quercus ilex, is "a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region"; "the wood is hard and tough, and has been used since ancient times for general construction purposes as pillars, tools, wagons (as mentioned in Hesiod, Works and Days ...), vessels and wine casks. It is also used as firewood and in charcoal manufacture" (Wikipedia, web address 2).
[2] Aristophanes, Frogs 859 (web address 3), with comment from the scholia there; again at pi 2294.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; military affairs; poetry; science and technology
Translated by: Bobbiejo Winfrey on 25 July 2003@08:05:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 25 July 2003@09:20:43.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 3 November 2011@08:33:57.
David Whitehead on 14 October 2013@05:46:33.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, expanded note, added links) on 31 October 2021@22:41:21.
Catharine Roth on 31 October 2021@22:42:23.


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