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Headword: *ponhro/polis
Adler number: pi,2039
Translated headword: Scoundrel-city
Vetting Status: high
There also exists, in Thrace, a certain [place by the name of] Scoundrel-city, which they say Philip founded,[1] having gathered there those who were being accused of wickedness: blackmailers, false witnesses and [all] the advocates and the other scoundrels, about two thousand in all; so [says] Theopompus in [Book] 13 of his Matters Philippic.[2]
Greek Original:
*ponhro/polis: e)/sti de/ tis kai\ peri\ *qra/|khn *ponhro/polis, h(\n *fi/lippo/n fasi sunoiki/sai, tou\s e)pi\ ponhri/a| diaballome/nous au)to/qi sunagago/nta, sukofa/ntas, yeudoma/rturas kai\ tou\s sunhgo/rous kai\ tou\s a)/llous ponhrou/s, w(s disxili/ous: w(s *qeo/pompos e)n ig# tw=n *filippikw=n.
From delta 1423 (deriving from the atticist Pausanias, *)attikw=n o)noma/twn sunagwgh/ s.v. *dou/lwn po/lis). 'Poneropolis' is also referred to by Pliny (Natural History 4.11.41) and in Plutarch, Moralia (*peri\ polupragmosu/nhs) 520B; and it has an entry in Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. (who solemnly adds that a citizen of it is a Poneropolites). Nevetheless, that an actual city bore this name is inconceivable. Rather, the name is a derogatory variant, coined by Theopompus (n. 2 below) of Philippopolis, present-day Plovdiv in Bulgaria (Barrington Atlas map 22 grid B6). See OCD(4) s.v. Philippopolis.
[1] In 342 BCE. 'Philip' = king Philip II of Macedon (father of Alexander the Great): see further, next note.
[2] Theopompus FGrH 115 F110. On Theopompus of Chios see generally theta 172]. His magnum opus was the Philippic Histories, in 58 books, covering the era from Philip’s accession to the throne until his death (359-336). [Theopompus is frequently quoted by the Suda: see alpha 2507, alpha 4486, beta 47, theta 138, kappa 1608, lambda 655, lambda 802, mu 299, mu 1459, omicron 250, pi 643, sigma 77, sigma 967, tau 566, phi 604, phi 742, chi 622.] For Th.'s low view of Philip and his associates see also FGrH 115 F224-225.
Keywords: biography; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 1 May 2007@19:11:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (streamlined notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 May 2007@03:41:52.
David Whitehead (typo) on 16 May 2011@06:18:30.
David Whitehead on 9 October 2013@08:09:32.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 12 December 2014@23:23:54.
Catharine Roth (tweaked betacode) on 27 February 2015@00:26:31.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 25 March 2015@00:31:01.
David Whitehead (coding) on 23 May 2016@11:18:54.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note) on 23 June 2016@03:46:34.


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