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Headword: *plai/sion
Adler number: pi,1715
Translated headword: oblong, rectangle
Vetting Status: high
A four-sided military formation. Also a four-sided frame [constructed] out of timbers, which some call a plinthion.[1]
Whenever someone deploys towards all the sides in an oblong shape.[2]
Greek Original:
*plai/sion: tetra/gwnos ta/cis strateu/matos. kai\ to\ e)k cu/lwn tetragw/nwn ph=gma, o(/ tines plinqi/on kalou=sin. o(po/tan pro\s pa/sas ta\s pleura\s parata/chtai/ tis e(teromh/kei sxh/mati.
cf. pi 1775, pi 1778. Modern scholars sometimes refer to this as the 'square' formation, but bricks are rectangular, and when a writer means a square, he has to say so explicitly (for an example, Xenophon, see at pi 1778).
[1] Same or similar material in other lexica (references at Photius pi910 Theodoridis), and cf. the scholia to Thucydides 6.67.1, where the phrase e)n plaisi/w| occurs in his description of a battle-order at Syracuse.
[2] Some of the mss. have a small diagram to illustrate this: a rectangular box containing 12 dots in 4 columns of three.
Keywords: definition; historiography; imagery; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 15 April 2010@05:35:41.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 15 April 2010@21:22:06.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note) on 16 April 2010@03:28:55.
David Whitehead on 16 October 2011@09:02:12.
David Whitehead on 6 October 2013@06:35:42.


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