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Headword: *petteu/ei
Adler number: pi,1391
Translated headword: plays (a board game with pessoi)
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he/she/it] uses a metaphor(?).[1] From pieces in board games (pessoi), that is from cubes (?dice).
Also [sc. attested is] o( drape/ths ["the runaway [slave]"], [meaning] the one running away [a)podrw=n] from slavery. The one playing [petteu/wn] 'run' [dra=n], that is escaping.[2]
Greek Original:
*petteu/ei: metafe/rei. a)po\ tw=n pettw=n, toute/sti tw=n ku/bwn. kai\ o( drape/ths, o( a)podrw=n th=s doulei/as. o( to\ dra=n petteu/wn, o(/ e)sti feu/gwn.
For pessoi as game pieces in cubic shape, see pi 1384.
[1] Same headword -- evidently quoted from somewhere -- in other lexica, with same or similar glossing; references at Photius pi824 Theodoridis. The gloss metafe/rei is translated here as 'uses a metaphor' but might (DW) simply mean moves/transfers. Either way, there may be some connection with Philo Judaeus (of Alexandria), Life of Moses 1.31, given in LSJ s.v. pesseu/w as 'tu/xh a)/nw kai\ ka/tw ta\ a)nqrw/peia petteu/ei' ("fortune plays human affairs backwards and forwards"), but in Philo actually a phrase in the genitive with the participle petteuou/shs. This would be an allusion to the ancient war game, perhaps known as Petteia (pi 1384), in which pieces were moved both forward and backward (unlike tabla and other backgammon-games). In the very next entry, however, we have playing Petteia equated with playing tabla (pi 1392).
[2] Quoted from delta 1503, q.v.; this etymology is fanciful and implausible.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 6 December 2000@10:08:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note; cosmetics) on 12 September 2002@07:53:22.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 28 November 2005@10:38:38.
David Whitehead (modified tr; re-arranged, modified and expanded notes) on 13 May 2011@09:31:17.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 13 May 2011@11:46:21.
Catharine Roth on 16 May 2011@01:13:37.
David Whitehead on 30 September 2013@08:50:37.


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