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Headword: Oidousan
Adler number: omicroniota,37
Translated headword: swelling
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] being boastful. "[I received from you] the art [...]swollen under resounding boasts and ponderous phrases."[1]
And Eunapius [writes]: "when so great an evil was swelling and festering beneath."[2]
"But [Darius] decided not to send the army openly, as matters were still swelling."[3]
Greek Original:
Oidousan: kompôdê ousan. tên technên. oidousan hupo kompasmatôn kai rhêmatôn epachthôn. kai Eunapios: tosoutou de oidountos kai hupophuomenou kakou. ho de ek tês itheiês ouk edokee pempein ton straton, hate tôn pragmatôn eti oidountôn.
The headword is present active participle, feminine accusative singular, of the verb oi)de/w "swell" (omicroniota 30); cf. oi)dai/nwn (omicroniota 28). It is extracted from the first quotation given, where it agrees with te/xnhn "art". The glossing phrase "being boastful" comes from the scholia to line 940; cf. omicroniota 31.
[1] Aristophanes, Frogs 939-940, where Euripides complains that he inherited an art or style of tragedy from Aeschylus that was swollen, pompous and ponderous. Aristophanes plays on the double sense of ko/mpos "clashing noise, boast" to describe this style (cf. komphro/s), and uses the medical metaphor of a swelling (resulting from bruises) that must be treated and healed, as Euripides claims to have done.
[2] Eunapius fr.1.271.20 Dindorf = fr.91 FHG (4.53).
[3] Herodotus 3.127 (cf. 3.76), of Darius' ruse for getting rid of Oroetes. See also iota 245.
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; imagery; medicine; military affairs; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 12 January 2003@09:20:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added x-ref and keyword; cosmetics) on 13 January 2003@03:42:58.
Ross Scaife ✝ on 13 January 2003@07:38:02.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 5 August 2013@06:01:03.


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