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Headword: Ὀζίας
Adler number: omicron,68
Translated headword: Ozias, Uzziah
Vetting Status: high
Son of Amaziah, [...] good and just by nature and generous and diligent at foreseeing affairs and victorious over many enemies [...] and subduing everything up to the borders of the Egyptians, began finally to make his concern for Jerusalem; and he rebuilt all the walls that had been overthrown by time [...] and many towers one hundred and eight cubits high[1] and he fortified garrisons in the desert places, and dug many channels for water. [He had] an immense quantity of livestock.[2] Being a farmer,[3] he took great care of the earth. Of chosen soldiery he had 370 thousand, 2 thousand taxiarchs [and chiliarchs] and all kinds of armaments. Coming into such an array and preparation, he was corrupted in mind by arrogance and being puffed up with perishable substance he disregarded the immortal strength which suffices for all time: this was piety towards God and keeping the commandments. He fell because of prosperity and was carried towards his father's sins, to which the splendor of his good [fortune] and the greatness of his deeds led that man also, when he was not able to stand up well under them. When a notable day came with a feast for all the people, putting on a priestly robe he went into the precinct to offer incense to God at the golden altar. When the high priest Zachariah[4] and those who were with him from the family of Aaron shouted for him to go out and the eighty priests (for they said he was not permitted to sacrifice, but only those from the family of Aaron were allowed to do this) and not to transgress against God, he was angered and threatened them with death, if they did not hold their peace.
Greek Original:
Ὀζίας, Ἀμασίου υἱός, ἀγαθὸς καὶ δίκαιος τὴν φύσιν καὶ μεγαλόφρων καὶ προνοῆσαι πραγμάτων φιλοπονώτατος καὶ πολλοὺς πολέμους νενικηκὼς καὶ πάντα μέχρι τῶν Αἰγυπτίων ὅρων χειρωσάμενος τῶν Ἱεροσολύμων ἤρχετο ποιεῖσθαι τὸ λοιπὸν τὴν ἐπιμέλειαν: καὶ τῶν τειχῶν ὅσα ὑπὸ χρόνου κατεβέβλητο προσῳκοδόμησε καὶ πύργους πολλοὺς ὀκτὼ πήχεων καὶ ἑκατὸν καὶ φρουροὺς ἐνετείχισε τοῖς ἐρήμοις χωρίοις, καὶ πολλοὺς ὀχετοὺς ὤρυξεν ὑδάτων. κτηνῶν ἄπειρόν τι πλῆθος. γεωργὸς δ' ὢν σφόδρα τῆς γῆς ἐπεμελεῖτο. στρατιᾶς δ' εἶχεν ἐπιλέκτου μυριάδας ζ# καὶ λ#, ταξιάρχας #22β# καὶ ὅπλα παντοῖα. γενόμενος δὲ ἐν τοιαύτῃ συντάξει καὶ παρασκευῇ διεφθάρη τὴν διάνοιαν ὑπὸ τύφου καὶ χαυνωθεὶς θνητῇ περιουσίᾳ τῆς ἀθανάτου καὶ πρὸς ἅπαντα διαρκοῦς τὸν χρόνον ἰσχύος ὠλιγώρησεν: αὕτη δ' ἦν ἡ πρὸς τὸν θεὸν εὐσέβεια καὶ τὸ τηρεῖν τὰ νόμιμα. ὤλισθε δ' ὑπ' εὐπραξίας καὶ κατηνέχθη πρὸς τὰ τοῦ πατρὸς ἁμαρτήματα, πρὸς ἃ κἀκεῖνον ἡ τῶν ἀγαθῶν λαμπρότης καὶ τὸ μέγεθος τῶν πραγμάτων, οὐ δυνηθέντα προστῆναι καλῶς αὐτῶν, ἤγαγεν. ἐνστάσης δ' ἡμέρας ἐπισήμου καὶ πάνδημον ἑορτὴν ἐχούσης, ἐνδὺς ἱερατικὴν στολὴν εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὸ τέμενος, ἐπιθυσιάσων ἐπὶ τοῦ χρυσοῦ βωμοῦ τῷ θεῷ. τοῦ δὲ ἀρχιερέως Ζαχαρίου καὶ τῶν ὄντων σὺν αὐτῷ ἐξ Ἀαρὼν γένους καταβοώντων διεξιέναι καὶ τῶν ὀγδοήκοντα ἱερέων [οὐ γὰρ ἐξὸν ἐπιθύειν εἶπον, μόνοις δ' ἐφεῖται τοῦτο ποιεῖν τοῖς ἀπὸ τοῦ γένους Ἀαρών], καὶ μὴ παρανομεῖν εἰς τὸν θεόν, ὀργισθεὶς ἠπείλησεν αὐτοῖς θάνατον, εἰ μὴ τὴν ἡσυχίαν ἄξουσιν.
Paraphrased and abridged from Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 216-224 (web address 1). See also omicron 69, which tells (from another source) what happened next.
[1] Josephus says, less absurdly, πεντήκοντα πηχῶν ἕκαστον "fifty cubits each."
[2] "He had" (ἦν δ' αὐτῷ in Josephus) is missing from the Suda; manuscript G supplied εἶχε , and M has in the margin ζήτει ῥῆμα "it needs a verb."
[3] Josephus has γεωργικός "agriculturally inclined", not γεωργός .
[4] cf. zeta 23.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; architecture; biography; clothing; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 November 2009@01:18:59.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 November 2009@03:09:54.
David Whitehead on 23 June 2013@05:11:30.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 30 June 2013@01:04:27.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 12 March 2016@11:15:10.


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