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Headword: *)/odwden
Adler number: omicron,51
Translated headword: smells [good or bad]
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he/she/it] smells.[1]
"[She] whose grave is aromatic with fragrant crocus."[2] The statement concerns Lais the courtesan.
Greek Original:
*)/odwden: o)/zei. h(=s kai\ u(p' eu)w/dei tu/mbos o)/dwde kro/kw|. peri\ *lai/+dos o( lo/gos th=s e(tai/ras.
[1] Perfect of o)/zw, third person singular, with present sense, glossed with the present tense; cf. omicron 50, omicron 52, omega 30. Same or similar glossing in other lexica (references at Photius omicron47 Theodoridis) and in a scholion on Homer, Odyssey 5.60 (where the pluperfect o)dw/dei occurs).
[2] Greek Anthology 7.218.8 (Antipater of Sidon); epitaph for Lais, the legendary Corinthian hetaera; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 19) and (vol. II, 52-3). See further excerpts from this epigram at alpha 1219, alpha 1683, delta 1519, theta 519, theta 588, kappa 751, kappa 1525, kappa 2628, lambda 789, pi 1457, and pi 1903. On Lais, see lambda 40, nu 16, and names of other Corinthian courtesans, akin in practice to modern geishas, at epsilon 3266. The LSJ s.v. (web address 1) identifies kro/kos as domesticated saffron crocus, Crocus sativus; cf. Lindsell (47-54). Gow and Page note that in Antipater's poetic imagery, the scent arises not from flowers upon Lais's tomb, but emanates from kro/kinon mu/ron (sweet crocus oil) on her buried body or poured in tribute upon her grave (vol. II, 53).
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1965)
A. Lindsell, 'A note on Greek crocus,' in J.E. Raven, Plants and Plant Lore in Ancient Greece, (Oxford, 2000)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; gender and sexuality; imagery; poetry; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 21 October 2009@01:36:56.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 21 October 2009@03:36:42.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 21 June 2013@06:13:53.
David Whitehead on 21 June 2013@06:14:12.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references) on 29 September 2020@20:13:18.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added cross-references) on 29 September 2020@20:39:27.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added link, added to bibliography, added keyword) on 30 September 2020@13:49:38.
Ronald Allen (added another cross-reference n.2) on 5 October 2020@12:28:42.


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