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Headword: *)/ogmos
Adler number: omicron,26
Translated headword: furrow, swathe
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the progress of the reapers along a row [or: by row]. Also [sc. attested is the phrase] o)/gmoi staxu/wn ["rows of grain"].[1]
And Sophocles [writes]: "for need of food he reaps this track somewhere nearby."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the cult-title] Demeter Epogmios ["who-presides-over-the-furrows"], [meaning] the overseer of the harvest.
In the Epigrams: "the ewe, o Damater who-presides-over-the-furrows, and the hornless calf [Krethon sacrifices to you]."[3]
Greek Original:
*)/ogmos: h( kata\ sti/xon e)/fodos tw=n qeristw=n. kai\ o)/gmoi staxu/wn. kai\ *sofoklh=s: forbh=s xrei/a| sti/bon o)gmeu/ei to/nde pe/las pou. kai\ *)epo/gmios *dhmh/thr, h( e)/foros tou= qe/rous. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: ta\n o)/i+n, w)= *da/mater e)po/gmie, ta/n t' a)ke/rwton mo/sxon.
[1] The headword has the same or similar glossing in other lexica (references at Photius omicron23 Theodoridis), and in a scholion on Homer, Iliad 11.68, where o)/gmon (accusative case) occurs in a simile (web address 1). The phrase o)/gmoi staxu/wn, if it is the quotation it appears to be, looks like a version of o)/gmoi ... a)staxu/wn in the second Homeric Hymn, to Demeter (lines 455-6). See web address 2.
[2] Sophocles, Philoctetes 162-3 (web address 3), with the related verb o)gmeu/w.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.258.1-2 (Adaeus), quoted again at omicron 95. On this epigram, wherein a farmer dedicates livestock and cakes to Demeter, see Gow and Page (vol. I, 4-5); (vol. II, 4-5); and further extracts at alpha 2751, gamma 165, and phi 507. As Gow and Page note (vol. II, 4), the adjective e)mo/gmios, -on (presiding over the furrows, here in the vocative singular) appears only in this epigram, the Suda (again at omicron 95), and in Eustathius Commentaries on Homer's Iliad 4.250.8 (there in the masculine/feminine nominative singular).
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; imagery; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 8 November 2009@23:09:20.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 November 2009@03:10:58.
Catharine Roth (added links) on 9 November 2009@18:46:16.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 21 June 2013@04:53:32.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 22 June 2013@15:16:30.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 22 December 2020@00:44:28.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 27 April 2022@16:15:52.


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