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Headword: *)wlesi/karpoi
Adler number: omega,69
Translated headword: fruit-less, fruit-losing
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning ones] fruited-in-vain [1].
Homer [writes]: "and the fruit-less willows".[2]
And in the Epigrams [there is the word] 'clod-crushing': "[...] and a clod-crushing hammer".[3] [Meaning] the one which has broken up the clods.
Greek Original:
*)wlesi/karpoi: mataio/karpoi. *(/omhros: kai\ i)te/ai w)lesi/karpoi. kai\ e)n *)epigra/mmasin *)wlesi/bwlos: kw)lesi/bwlon sfu=ran. th\n klw=san tou\s bw/lous.
[1] Same glossing in the Lexica Segueriana; cf. the LSJ entry for the headword at web address 1. The LSJ does not include the gloss here, but see Trapp s.v.
[2] Homer, Odyssey 10.510 (web address 2). See also Theophrastus, Enquiry into Plants 3.1.3, and On the Causes of Plants 2.9.14, where this Homeric passage is referenced. Oppianus, Cynegetica 3.282, cites a metaphorical usage of the headword form: w)lesi/karpos tu/mpanos (fruit-less kettledrum), alluding to the eunuch priests who would beat these drums on behalf of Phrygian goddess Kybele's cult; cf. kappa 2586.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.104.1-2 (Philip), a plowman's dedication to Demeter; cf. Gow and Page, (Garland of Philip, 310-311), and the LSJ entry at web address 3. Further extracts from this epigram are at alpha 4721, beta 455, gamma 54, tau 994, upsilon 120, and omega 81. Also see Greek Anthology 6.297.3-4 (Phanias), a dedication of farming implements to Athena, at alpha 3945; cf. Gow and Page, (Hellenistic Epigrams, 162-163).
E. Trapp, Lexikon zur byzantinischen Gräzität, Faszikel 5-8, (Wien, 2017)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: agriculture; botany; definition; epic; gender and sexuality; imagery; meter and music; mythology; poetry; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Benjamin Stevens on 21 May 2000@11:27:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added keywords; cosmetics) on 4 October 2001@08:35:03.
David Whitehead on 31 October 2013@05:57:43.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes and links) on 11 December 2013@01:08:32.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 26 November 2014@00:00:31.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 8 January 2021@01:16:40.
Ronald Allen (rearranged and tweaked n.1, added bibliography; expanded and tweaked n.2, added cross-reference, added keywords, added link) on 14 January 2021@18:13:54.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added to bibliography) on 15 January 2021@13:44:07.
Ronald Allen (added cross-references n.3) on 30 December 2022@02:38:06.


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