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Headword: *nai\ ma\ to/n
Adler number: nu,98
Translated headword: yes by the ...
Vetting Status: high
"Yes by my shriveled hide", that is skin. Callimachus in Hecale [sc. uses this phrase. He goes on]: "yes by this tree, dry though it is."[1] The ancients were not inclined to swear by the gods, but by random things. Thus also Menander [writes]: "I call to witness this Apollo and the doors."[2] And Homer [writes]: "yes by this staff."[3] And Hekale said, "Yes by the ..." and does not add the [name of] the god. This [form of] speech trains [people] in piety.
[*nai ma\ ta/s] also [belongs] to this pattern and custom, as if one should say, "by the Graces."[4]
Greek Original:
*nai\ ma\ to/n: nai\ ma\ to\ r(ikno\n su=far e)mo/n, o(/ e)sti de/rma. *kalli/maxos e)n *(eka/lh|. nai\ tou=to de/ndreon au)=on e)o/n per. oi( a)rxai=oi ou) propetw=s kata\ tw=n qew=n w)/mnuon, a)lla\ kata\ tw=n prostugxano/ntwn: w(s kai\ *me/nandros: martu/romai to\n *)apo/llw tou=ton kai\ ta\s qu/ras. kai\ *(/omhros: nai\ ma\ to/de skh=ptron. kai\ *(eka/lh ei)=pe, nai\ ma\ to/n: kai\ ou)ke/ti e)pa/gei to\n qeo/n. r(uqmi/zei de\ o( lo/gos pro\s eu)se/beian. toiou/tou sxh/mato/s te kai\ h)/qous kai\ to\ nai\ ma\ ta/s. w(s ei)/per ei)/poi tis, ma\ ta\s *xa/ritas.
cf. nu 96, nu 97.
[1] Callimachus, Hecale fr.260, lines 51-52, with comment from the scholia there; cf. scholion on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.669 (and sigma 1694).
[2] Menander [the comic poet] fr. 740 Kock, 801 Koerte, now 884 K.-A.
[3] Homer, Iliad 1.234; cf. mu 1.
[4] Here the expression is in the feminine plural.
Keywords: comedy; daily life; epic; imagery; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 13 December 2003@22:18:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 16 December 2003@06:40:15.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 5 June 2013@05:23:05.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 September 2014@22:54:36.
David Whitehead on 24 December 2014@07:59:52.
David Whitehead on 31 December 2014@06:05:59.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 16 October 2020@23:08:31.


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