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Headword: *nh/pia
Adler number: nu,323
Translated headword: infants
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] newborn babes.[1]
From the privative [sc. prefix] ne- and the [noun] e)/pos ["word"], [thus meaning] those not yet able to speak. Or from the intensive ne- and the [adjective] h)/pion ["gentle"], [thus meaning] those which are unnecessarily gentle.[2]
Greek Original:
*nh/pia: ta\ bre/fh. para\ to\ nh sterhtiko\n kai\ to\ e)/pos, ta\ mh/pw le/gein duna/mena. h)\ para\ to\ nh e)pitatiko\n kai\ to\ h)/pion, ta\ para\ to\ de/on h)/pia.
The headword is a neuter adjective in the nominative/vocative/accusative plural; see LSJ s.v. nh/pios, -a, -on. It is evidently extracted from somewhere, probably Homer, Iliad 2.136 (web address 1); Hesychius s.v. nh/pia references this verse.
[1] The gloss is a neuter noun in the nominative, vocative, and accusative plural; see LSJ s.v. bre/fos, -eos, to/ (babe in the womb, new-born babe) and Hesychius s.v. bre/fos.
[2] For the first note, on the privative prefix form, see Orion [Author, Myth], Etymologicum 108.11. Both etymologies are covered by Etymologicum Magnum 604.15-21. [In her critical apparatus, Adler notes that mss AFV omit this part of the entry, and ms M places it in the margin.]
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: children; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 29 August 2009@11:29:58.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 29 August 2009@15:49:14.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 August 2009@05:41:08.
David Whitehead on 9 June 2013@04:55:47.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 6 November 2020@19:20:37.


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