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Headword: *na/kos
Adler number: nu,21
Translated headword: fleece
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a hairy skin, or a sheep's pelt.[1]
Properly the skin of the goat. Also [sc. attested is] kw/|dion[2] and kw=os. But kw=as [is] the [skin] of the sheep.[3]
Josephus [writes]: "[he] having ordered those entering, to creep for the most part and to cover their backs with fleeces, so that if anyone saw them at night, they might present an appearance of dogs".[4]
The dative [is] na/kei.
The analogy [sc. runs as follows]: as bla/bh ["harm"], bla/bos; di/ya ["thirst"], di/yos; na/ph ["glen"], na/pos; so na/kh ["fleece"], na/kos. But just as, they say, [feminine] a)h/th ["gale"], and masculine a)h/ths, [genitive] a)h/tou; and [feminine] a)ra/xnh ["spider"], [but also the masculine form] a)ra/xnhs, [genitive] a)ra/xnou,[5] so too [one finds] [feminine] na/kh [and also masculine] na/kos, [genitive] na/kou. So [the word is attested] in three ways: [masculine] o( na/kos, [feminine] h( na/kh, [neuter] to\ na/kos.
Greek Original:
*na/kos: e)/ntrixon de/rma, h)/toi dora\ proba/tou. kuri/ws de\ to\ th=s ai)go\s de/rma. kai\ kw/|dion kai\ kw=os. kw=as de\ to\ tou= proba/tou. *)iw/shpos: e(/rpein ta\ polla\ keleu/sas toi=s ei)siou=si kai\ ta\ nw=ta kalu/ptein na/kesin, w(s ei) kati/doi tis au)tou\s nu/ktwr, fantasi/an pare/xoien kunw=n. h( dotikh\ na/kei. h( a)nalogi/a, w(s bla/bh, bla/bos: di/ya, di/yos: na/ph, na/pos: ou(/tw na/kh, na/kos. w(/sper de/, fasi/n, h( a)h/th, kai\ a)rseniko\n a)h/ths, a)h/tou: kai\ h( a)ra/xnh, a)ra/xnhs, a)ra/xnou, ou(/tw kai\ h( na/kh, o( na/kos, tou= na/kou. trixw=s ou)=n o( na/kos, h( na/kh, to\ na/kos.
cf. already nu 17 (and further nu 22).
[1] Likewise or similarly defined in other lexica: see the references at Photius nu12 Theodoridis.
[2] kappa 2216.
[3] cf. Etymologicum Magnum 597.14, Hesychius (and kappa 2208).
[4] Josephus, Jewish War 3.192, of himself at Jotopata (but read "leaving" for the Suda's "entering").
[5] cf. alpha 3750.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 5 September 2008@06:10:20.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmetics, status) on 6 September 2008@00:38:33.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; augmented Josephus note) on 7 September 2008@05:18:40.
David Whitehead on 3 June 2013@04:44:29.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 January 2015@01:56:02.
David Whitehead on 19 May 2016@03:08:02.


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