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Headword: Μέγας βασιλεύς
Adler number: mu,389
Translated headword: Great King
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the [king] of the Persians. [So called] because they used the greater power of the Persian Empire.[1]
To the other [kings] they added also the names of those who were ruled, as "of the Lacedaimonians", "of the Macedonians". See also under basileus megas.[2]
The nominative, ho megas, has neither genitive nor dative; the accusative [is] ton megan.[3] The vocative is found in poetry; as Agathias says in the Epigrams: "o greatly daring wax [which portrayed you]."[4]
Greek Original:
Μέγας βασιλεύς: ὁ τῶν Περσῶν. διὰ τὸ πλείονι δυνάμει χρῆσθαι τῇ Περσικῇ. τοὺς δὲ ἄλλους προσετίθεσαν καὶ τῶν ἀρχομένων τὰ ὀνόματα, οἷον Λακεδαιμονίων, Μακεδόνων. καὶ ζήτει ἐν τῷ βασιλεὺς μέγας. ἡ εὐθεῖα, ὁ μέγας, γενικὴν οὐκ ἔχει οὔτε δοτικήν: ἡ αἰτιατική, τὸν μέγαν. ἡ δὲ κλητικὴ εὕρηται παρὰ τοῖς ποιηταῖς: ὥς φησιν Ἀγαθίας ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: ἆ μέγα τολμήεις κηρός.
[1] This gloss draws on the scholia to Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 170 (where the phrase "Great King" occurs). It is awkwardly phrased, and the translation by W.G. Rutherford recasts it as follows: "because the resources of Persia made him more than ordinarily powerful".
[2] beta 144.
[3] The other cases are formed from the stem megalo-; Aeschylus once uses the vocative megale (Seven Against Thebes 822).
[4] Greek Anthology 1.34.2: Agathias (6th c. AD), addressing the icon of an archangel; cf. alpha 1, sigma 664.
Keywords: art history; Christianity; comedy; constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; history; imagery; poetry; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 1 November 2000@22:18:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 24 May 2001@10:59:48.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 12 June 2008@04:49:00.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 17 May 2009@22:45:53.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 14 May 2013@03:28:06.


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