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Headword: Μισήτη
Adler number: mu,1112
Translated headword: hated
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A degenerate woman they used to call 'hated', not from the [noun] μῖσος ["hatred"] but from the [verb] μίσγεσθαι ["to mingle"]; for μῖσος is different[1] from μιαίνεσθαι ["to be defiled"]; for what is hated is isolated and is unmingled; but [someone is called 'hated'] inasmuch as she is a sort of mingler. Which [etymology?] is even better. And what is said by way of a proverb, "hated [is] a woman thick about the ankle",[2] seems to be said in accordance with this. And Cratinus said the following somewhere: "hated women use dildoes."[3] But [Cratinus] calls the [man] who is simply hated 'feckless'.[4] But metaphorically the expression is also applied to the greedy man, as a figure of speech.
Greek Original:
Μισήτη: τὴν καταφερῆ μισήτην ἔλεγον, οὐ παρὰ τὸ μῖσος, ἀλλὰ παρὰ τὸ μίσγεσθαι: τὸ γὰρ μῖσος ἄποθέν ἐστι τοῦ μιαίνεσθαι: ὃ γὰρ μισεῖται, μεμόνωται καὶ ἀμιγές ἐστιν: ἀλλ' οἱονεὶ μισγήτην τινὰ οὖσαν. ὃ καὶ βέλτιον. καὶ τὸ ἐν παροιμίας δὲ μέρει λεγόμενον, παρὰ σφυρὸν παχεῖα μισήτη γυνή, κατὰ τοῦτο εἰρῆσθαι δοκεῖ. καὶ ὁ Κρατῖνός που τοῦτο ἔφη: μισῆται δὲ γυναῖκες ὀλίσβωσι χρήσονται. τὸν δὲ ἁπλῶς μισητὸν τὸν ἀνίκανον λέγει. μεταφορικῶς δὲ καὶ ἐπὶ τῆς ἀπλήστου κατὰ τροπὴν τίθεται ἡ λέξις.
Notes:
The entry = Photius mu475 Theodoridis, with some small differences (see n. 1 below, for example); cf. also Hesychius mu1450, mu1452. For other references see Theodoridis ad loc.
[1] The mss of Photius read "not different" here. Theodoridis reports that Cohn would omit the "not".
[2] Archilochus fr. 206 West; cf. mu 1470.
[3] Cratinus fr. 354 K.-A.
[4] Cratinus fr. 509 K.-A.
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; imagery; poetry; proverbs; women
Translated by: William Hutton on 24 July 2009@15:29:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; x-ref; another keyword) on 26 July 2009@05:30:59.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 24 May 2013@04:06:03.

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