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Headword: *kuklobo/ros
Adler number: kappa,2648
Translated headword: Kykloboros, Cycloborus
Vetting Status: high
A river in Attica,[1] a torrent. The word [is used] in reference to those who speak unpleasantly, but [it arises] due to the sound of the river. Aristophanes [writes]: "a snatcher, a screamer, one who has the voice of Kykloboros!"[2]
Greek Original:
*kuklobo/ros: potamo\s th=s *)attikh=s, xeima/rrous. e)pi\ tw=n kakofw/nwn o( lo/gos, dia\ de\ to\n h)=xon tou= potamou=. *)aristofa/nhs: a(/rpac, kekra/kths, *kuklobo/rou fwnh\n e)/xwn.
[1] = Photius, Lexicon kappa1180 Theodoridis.
[2] Aristophanes, Knights 137 (web address 1), in reference to Kleon (kappa 1731). See already at kappa 1261; cf. Pollux 6.146, 10.85; Hesychius kappa4476. No non-lexicographical reference to this supposed river is made outside Aristophanes (here and at fr. 636 Kock). One of the scholia to the Knights passage offers a different explanation, a circular place where things were sold, yet another scholion to the same passage says that it is not "Kykloboros" that means this but ku/klos ('circle'), and that the term kuklobo/ros refers to Kleon's having been raised in the milieu of the marketplace. A solution to the problem may arise from a fragment of the atthidographer Demon (FGrH 327 F8), preserved in Hesychius omicron309 (also, more sketchily and without attribution, in omicroniota 121): the people of the Attic deme of Oinoe (near the Marathonian plain) had diverted a local torrent (charadra) for irrigation, but at a time of high waters the stream broke its bounds and inundated the ku/klous ('circles', i.e. 'marketplaces'(?)) of the region. Perhaps on this occasion the otherwise unnamed torrent received the (temporary?) nickname of Kykloboros (i.e. 'market-place devourer'). This, at any rate is the theory of Wilamowitz (1882), followed by Jacoby (commentary ad loc.).
Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, U. von (1882), "Kykloboros," Hermes 17: 647-8
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; economics; geography; history; imagery; poetry; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 28 March 2008@03:10:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; another keyword; tweaks) on 28 March 2008@05:06:51.
William Hutton (augmented notes) on 28 March 2008@09:34:44.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 20 March 2013@07:26:03.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 2 May 2016@11:21:52.


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