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Headword: *koino/n
Adler number: kappa,2558
Translated headword: common, ordinary
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] what is unpurified.[1]
Or what has nothing more than the rest.
'Common' has a fourfold application: (i) what is divisible into parts, such as the earth obtained by allotment; (ii) what is indivisible, [such as] what is taken for common usage; (iii) what is appropriated to oneself with anticipation and is referred to what is common, such as a place in a theater or in a bath-house; (iv) what indivisibly is set before with regard to the common and the same conception, such as the voice of the herald.[2]
The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, as well as the Scriptures and the supramundane powers, both the sun and the moon, and all the chorus of stars and the air itself are totalities thoroughly common and indivisible. Earth and water, gold and silver, and every metallic natural reality and woody matter are common, but, nevertheless, they have come to be divisible because of the desire for gain. Virginity, celibacy, priesthood, and the rest of things belonging to God are graces of such kind that are neither common nor divisible, for they do not belong to the part of common and divisible things.[3]
Greek Original:
*koino/n: to\ a)ka/qarton. h)\ to\ mhde\n e)/xon ple/on tw=n loipw=n. *koino\n de\ tetraxw=s le/getai: h)\ to\ ei)s ta\ me/rh diaireto/n, w(s h( klhrouxoume/nh gh=: h)\ to\ a)diai/reton, e)n xrh/sei koinh=| lambano/menon: h)\ to\ e)n prokatalh/yei i)diopoiou/menon, ei)s de\ to\ koino\n a)napempo/menon, w(s e)n qea/trw| to/pos h)\ e)n balanei/w|: h)\ to\ a)diaire/tws ei)s koinh\n kai\ th\n au)th\n e)/nnoian proballo/menon, w(s h( fwnh\ tou= kh/rukos. koina\ de\ kai\ a)me/rista/ ei)sin o( path/r, o( ui(o\s kai\ to\ a(/gion pneu=ma, ai(/ te grafai\ kai\ ai( u(perko/smiai duna/meis, h(/lio/s te kai\ selh/nh kai\ pa=s o( tw=n a)ste/rwn xoro\s kai\ au)to\s o( a)h/r, koina\ kai\ a)me/rista o(/la dio/lou. gh= te kai\ u(/dwr, xruso/s te kai\ a)/rguros, kai\ pa=sa h( metallikh\ fu/sis kai\ druotomikh\ u(/lh koina\ me/n ei)sin, a)ll' o(/mws merista\ ge/gone th=| th=s pleoneci/as o)re/cei. parqeni/a de\ kai\ a)gami/a kai\ i(erwsu/nh kai\ ta\ loipa\ tou= qeou= toiouto/tropa xari/smata ou)/te koina\ ou)/t' au)= merista/. ou) ga/r ei)si tou= me/rous tw=n koinw=n h)\ tw=n meristw=n.
[1] Likewise, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon. Cf. Acts of the Apostles 10.14, where koino/n and a)ka/qarton are linked. See also kappa 2564.
[2] The passage is taken (with variations and omissions) from Simplicius, Commentary on Aristotle's Categories 26.11-15, and John of Damascus, Dialectica sive capita philosophica 65.66-73 (PG 94, 657d, 659).
[3] cf. Palladius, Life of Chrysostom 3.19ff.
Keywords: Christianity; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; imagery; philosophy; religion; science and technology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 23 January 2004@12:00:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 24 January 2004@04:14:49.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 25 January 2004@01:19:43.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 28 April 2008@08:43:26.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 19 March 2013@06:39:28.
David Whitehead on 2 May 2016@10:40:11.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, expanded note) on 17 February 2020@00:40:46.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 21 February 2020@00:55:03.


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