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Headword: *krwbu/los
Adler number: kappa,2488
Translated headword: top-knot
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the hairstyle of children.[1]
Also the hairdo which those who wore the golden cicada used to criticize,[2] a band, an adornment, the woven adornment of the hair.
In the Epigrams: "of the same age are top-knot and the tresses, which the four-year-old revel wove for Phoebus the songster."[3]
Xenophon [writes]: "they had leather helmets similar to Paphlagonian ones, with a top-knot in the middle almost tiara-shaped."[4]
Strictly speaking a top-knot is a kind of hairdo, according to Thucydides.[5]
Greek Original:
*krwbu/los: o( mallo\s tw=n paidi/wn. kai\ o( plo/kamos, o(\n die/ballon oi( to\n xrusou=n te/ttiga forou=ntes, a)na/dhma, ko/smos, o( tw=n trixw=n peplegme/nos ko/smos. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: a(/likes ai(/ te ko/mai kai\ o( krwbu/los, a(\s a)po\ *foi/bw| pe/cato molpasta=| kw=mos o( tetrae/ths. *cenofw=n: ei)=xon de\ kra/nh sku/tina oi(=a/ per ta\ *paflagonika/, krwbu/lon e)/xonta kata\ me/son, e)gguta/tw tiaroeidh=. *krwbu/los kuri/ws ei)=dos e)mplokh=s e)sti kata\ *qoukudi/dhn.
cf. kappa 2489, epsilon 1257.
[1] = Photius, Lexicon kappa1125 Theodoridis; cf. Hesychius kappa4266, Synagoge, etc.
[2] A misunderstanding of Thucydides 1.6.3 (web address 1), where the golden cicada is a pin used to fasten the top-knot; both pin and top-knot are part of what Thucydides describes as an old-fashioned style of personal adornment. Contrast epsilon 1257.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.155.1-2 (Theodoridas). Apparently in the poem Krobylos ('Top-knot') is the proper name of a four-year-old boy (kw=ros), rather than a four-year-old revel (kw=mos). For Krobylos as a proper name see Aeschines 1.64 (web address 2) with Harpokration s.v. krwbu/los, *(hgh/sippos (= Photius, Etymologicum Magnum 418.46); Etym.Magn. 541.33; omicron 1091, tau 599. Further excerpts from this epigram are at pi 1686, tau 1201, and upsilon 304.
[4] Xenophon, Anabasis 5.4.13 (web address 3), in reference to the Mossynoikoi; cf. sigma 722.
[5] For this last sentence cf. especially Harpocration s.v. krwbu/los.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; children; clothing; daily life; definition; economics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; poetry; politics; religion; rhetoric; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 22 June 2008@04:19:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 22 June 2008@05:34:43.
William Hutton (corrected my own accentuation errors) on 3 July 2008@06:46:57.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 18 March 2013@07:49:05.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 2 May 2016@09:41:13.
Ronald Allen (added cross-references n.3) on 14 May 2022@10:51:41.
Catharine Roth (another cross-reference) on 25 November 2022@19:26:42.


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