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Headword: *klu/menos
Adler number: kappa,1843
Translated headword: famous, heard-of; Klymenos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Hades is called thus; either because he calls everyone to himself, or [sc. in being] the one heard [and sc. obeyed] by everyone.[1]
In the Epigrams: "who enchants with his lyre the serious mind and unsoftened heart of the unsoftened 'Heard [one]'".[2] [This is] about Orpheus. And elsewhere: "for he already flits around the meadows in the presence of the Heard one, and [around] the dewy blossoms of golden Persephone."[3]
Greek Original:
*klu/menos: ou(/tw le/getai o( *(/a|dhs: h)\ o(/ti pa/ntas proskalei=tai ei)s e(auto/n, h)\ o( u(po\ pa/ntwn a)kouo/menos. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: o(\s kai\ a)meili/ktoio baru\ *klume/noio no/hma kai\ to\n a)mei/likton qumo\n e)/qelce lu/ra|. peri\ *)orfe/ws. kai\ au)=qis: h)/dh ga\r leimw=nas e)pi\ *klume/nou pepo/tatai, kai\ drosera\ xruse/as a)/nqea *persefo/nhs.
Notes:
The headword is masculine nominative singular of the adjective klu/menos, cognate with the verb klu/w (cf. kappa 1841, kappa 1842, kappa 1844 and LSJ at web address 1). The first part of the entry seeks to unpack this etymology: see next note.
[1] From ancient commentary on Callimachus, who uses the headword in the genitive case, and in the upper-case way noted by LSJ s.v.: see Hecale fr. 285; also fr. 668 in the fragmenta incertae sedis. Note that LSJ also characterises Klymenos as an underworld deity in his own right; cf. Pausanias 2.35.4.
[2] Greek Anthology 7.9.7-8 (ascribed to a Damagetus), web address 2; 1071T in Bernabé et al.; cf. Gow and Page, vol. I (77) and vol. II (224-225). See already at alpha 864 and further extracts from this epigram at alpha 3117, alpha 3204, and pi 2515.
[3] Greek Anthology 7.189.3-4 (ascribed to an Aristodicus Rhodius), web address 3.
References:
Bernabé, A., A. B. Pajares, R. O. Romera. Poetae Epici Graeci. Leipzig, 2005.
Grotius, H., F. Dübner, et al. Epigrammatum Anthologia Palatina. Paris, 1864.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: aetiology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; meter and music; mythology; poetry; religion
Translated by: Richard Davis on 10 March 2009@00:12:15.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked headword and tr; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 10 March 2009@04:59:17.
David Whitehead on 4 March 2013@06:38:18.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 6 September 2013@22:53:55.
Catharine Roth (my typo) on 6 December 2013@09:46:54.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 April 2016@18:25:56.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliographical entries, added cross-references) on 4 February 2019@00:36:49.

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